Disparity between States growing: Study [Governance]
Regional disparity has been growing over the years.
Five of the six best-performing States in 2001 — Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Punjab — continue to be the top performers in 2011. Likewise, four of the six worst-performing States in 2001 — Odisha, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar — remained at the bottom in 2011.
This led the researchers to conclude that “development clusters” — combinations of quality service delivery and high per capita income — are emerging among the more developed States in the south and west of the country, leaving behind the lessdeveloped States, especially in the eastern region.
There is a vast difference among the States in infrastructure. For instance, road density in Karnataka in 2011, at 10.8 km per 100 sq-km, was five times that of Odisha, at 1.95 km.
Similarly, in education, the gross enrolment rate in Himachal Pradesh during 2011-12 had reached 100 per cent, whereas it was only 63.7 per cent in Assam.
Development legacy seems to have strong impact on the quality of governance (when measured as service delivery).