Weekly Current Affairs

Centre to launch new family planning drive in state soon [Governance]

  • The Union health and family welfare ministry will soon launch Mission Parivar Vikas in 145 districts in seven states - Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand - that have a high total fertility rate (TFR) and constitute 44% of the country’s population.
  • Special drive aims to accelerate access to high-quality family planning choices.
  • TFR is the average number of children projected to be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years. It is calculated as per a given fertility rate at each age and is linked to the level of literacy and family planning.
  • In 145 districts that have been identified for drive, TFR is more than or equal to three. Currently, India has a TFR of 2.3, which has to be brought down to 2.1.
  • The key focus of this mission will be on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, dovetailing with new promotional schemes, ensuring commodity security, building capacity (service providers), creating an enabling environment along with close monitoring and implementation.
  • According to the Annual Health Survey (AHS), 2012-13, that was recently published, Bihar registered the highest TFR, 3.5, among seven high-focus states.
  • Rajasthan recorded highest family planning (70%) while Bihar lowest (41.2%).
  • While there has been a considerable increase in use of female sterilization from 2010-11 to 2012-13, male sterilization usage did not show any marked change.