Weekly Current Affairs

T.N. tops list of endemic flowering plants [Biodiversity]

  • Almost one of every four species of flowering plants found in India is endemic to the country.
  • Of these, Tamil Nadu accounts for the highest number of species with 410, followed by Kerala with 357 and Maharashtra with 278.
  • Of the 18,259 flowering plants reported in the country, 4,303 (over 23 per cent) are found only in India.
  • When it comes to the geographical distribution of endemic plants, the Western Ghats tops the list with about 2,116 species, followed by the Eastern Himalayas with 466 species. These two regions are among biodiversity hot spots of country.
  • Nepenthes khasiana is an insectivorous plant only found in the Khasi hills of Meghalaya.
  • Pterocarpus santalinus, commonly known as red sandal wood, is found only in the southern parts of the Eastern Ghats. This plant is classified as critically endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN) category because of its dwindling habitat due to economic over-exploitation.