Weekly Current Affairs

India driven to the wall, must mount response: diplomats [IR, Security]

  • India has a wide range of options for a “measured and effective” response to the attack in Uri, veteran diplomats and experts said.
  • India was left with no option but to retaliate, heightening the possibility of an imminent escalation of violence.
  • Pakistan is isolated within SAARC, as three members of the regional group have accused it of sponsoring terrorism. Afghanistan, Bangladesh and India have accused Islamabad of sponsoring terrorism that ISI continues to generate, irrespective of the condition of the bilateral ties with India.
  • Such attacks take place irrespective of ties being temporarily good or continuously bad. A response therefore has to be forcefully enunciated.
  • The attack in Uri, close to the Line of Control (LoC), revived memories of the Kaluchak attack of 2002 which claimed at least 31 lives.
  • The government could consider a mix of diplomatic and multilateral response.
  • A major challenge in crafting a suitable response to Pakistan was its ability to use its nuclear umbrella as a shield for unconventional warfare with India.
  • However, India could engage the Pakistan military in response for Uri without triggering a war.
  • The Indian defence establishment should introspect about how the militants succeeded in attacking the base eight months after the Pathankot air base attack.
  • The international alignment of powers provided a mix of opportunity and challenges that New Delhi could use to retaliate against Pakistan. Due to the threat of global terrorism, Pakistan is isolated from major western powers. India can use this as a factor while delivering a punitive strike against Pakistan.
  • India will, however, have to watch out, for the presence of Chinese nationals in PoK who are employed to build the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
  • Attack in Uri has come as Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif left for the annual meeting of the heads of governments at the U.N. General Assembly, where India and Pakistan are likely to counter each other on the terror issue.
  • During the 33rd session of the UNHRC, India had accused Pakistan of being the “global epicentre of terrorism.”