Weekly Current Affairs

Notice

  •  New study brings in first conclusive evidence of role played by Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in reducing ‘socioeconomic disparities’ existing in maternal care.
  •  The JSY was launched in 2005 as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to improve maternal and neonatal health by promotion of institutional deliveries (childbirth in hospitals). 
  • JSY has led to an enhancement in the utilisation of health services among all groups especially among the poorer and underserved sections in the rural areas, thereby reducing the prevalent disparities in maternal care.
  •  While previous studies had shown the impact of JSY in reducing maternal mortality, it was not known if it had reduced socioeconomic inequalities — differences in access to maternal care between individual people of higher or lower socioeconomic status.
  •  The study was conducted using data from two rounds of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) — conducted in 2004-05 and 2011-12.
  • The IHDS data serves two advantages in this case.  Round 1 of IHDS was conducted in 2004-05 when the JSY was not in place and round 2 was conducted six years after the launch.  The IHDS is a longitudinal data set same households were interviewed in both rounds, which allows to examine changes in maternal care patterns.
  • Three key services of maternal care were used for the analysis: full antenatal care (full ANC), safe delivery, and postnatal care.
  • High incidence of maternal mortality - India accounted for 15 per cent of the total maternal deaths in the world in 2015 — second only to Nigeria — with 45,000 women dying during pregnancy or childbirth.