Supreme Court revives hearing on Andhra Pradesh bifurcation
- What better “index” to ascertain whether a State is to be divided or not other than public demand, the Supreme Court said.
- A bunch of petitions were filed by leading Telugu politicians across parties, challenging the bifurcation of the erstwhile State of Andhra Pradesh in 2014.
- They had wanted the apex court to declare the bifurcation as an illegal and unconstitutional act.
- The SC Bench refused to stay Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act of 2014, leading to bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh & formation of new State Telangana.
- The petitioners demanded that there should be a “federal index” for State formation. The Centre cannot be allowed to ride roughshod over the federal structure of democracy and divide States into bits.
- “What can be a better index than the entire State demanding it [bifurcation],” Bench has questioned.
- Petitioners contended that the bifurcation also violated the basic provisions of federalism. The Centre had to first consult the State legislature before passing any law to merge or divide it.