RS passes Disabilities Bill with more benefits
- The Rajya Sabha passed the Disabilities Bill with the list of ‘disabilities’ expanded from seven to 21 and the quantum of reservation increased for people suffering from disabilities from three per cent to four per cent in government jobs.
- In higher education institutions, the quota has been increased from three per cent to five percent.
- The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 also gives effect to the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
- It provides for imprisonment ranging from six months to two years, along with a fine ranging from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 5 lakh, for discriminating against differently abled persons.
- Disabilities Bill recognises acid attacks and Parkinson’s disease too. It recognises that persons with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities like autism and Down’s Syndrome also have a right to education and employment.
- In the Bill, disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept. The types of disabilities now include mental illness, autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, chronic neurological conditions.
- It also strengthens the office of chief commissioner and state commissioners for Persons with Disabilities, which will act as regulatory bodies.