Weekly Current Affairs

Notice

  1. 1. Nearly 200 countries called for “highest political commitment” to combat climate change on “urgent priority” at a UN gathering here, noting that global climate is warming at an “alarming and unprecedented” rate.
  2. 2. Marrakesh Action Proclamation, which was agreed upon by all the parties — 196 nations and the EU bloc — taking part in the summit, said it was an “urgent duty to respond” to global warming.
  3. 3. This can be termed as one of the main outcomes of the ongoing crucial summit on climate change.
  4. 4. India had pushed for inclusion of sustainable lifestyle with minimum carbon footprint and a clear cut mention of flow of funds in the draft of the political proclamation which was earlier made.
  5. 5. It also called for an increase in the “volume, flow and access” to finance for climate projects, alongside improved capacity and technology, including from developed to developing countries.
  6. 6. The proclamation also called on nations to strengthen and support efforts to eradicate poverty, ensure food security and to take stringent action to deal with climate change challenges in agriculture.
  7. 7. The parties also unanimously called for taking further climate action and support, well in advance of 2020, taking into account the specific needs and special circumstances of developing countries, the least developed countries and those particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change.
  8. 8. This point in the proclamation assumes significance especially as India had asked the developed countries to ratify the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol by April next year to raise the ambition of climate actions in the pre-2020 period.
  9. 9. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol demanded targeted emission cuts from rich and industrialised countries, mainly responsible for causing global warming. The protocol which came into effect in 2005 was to initially run until 2012, comes to an end in 2020.
  10. 10. Though many countries failed to achieve these targets, fresh targets in a second commitment period running till 2020 were decided at the 2012 climate change conference in Doha through what came to be called the Doha Amendment to Kyoto Protocol.
  11. 11. The Marrakech Conference marks an important inflection point in the commitment to bring together the whole international community to tackle one of the greatest challenges of our time.