Weekly Current Affairs

Notice

India becomes Associate member of CERN

  • India became an Associate member of CERN with the Indian government completing its internal approval procedures in respect of the agreement it had signed with CERN on November 21, 2016.
  • On November 21, 2016, Agreement to admit India to CERN as an Associate member was signed. But India had to “notify CERN of its final approval for the Agreement to enter into force” and become an Associate member.
  • As an Associate member India will have full access to all data generated at CERN. As there are many experiments in CERN, there will be plenty of information available.
  • When we were not an Associate member, India could data only from those experiments where we were participating.
  • Whenever any CERN facilities get upgraded and go through maintenance, it will provide opportunities for Indian industries to participate. Indian industry will be entitled to bid for CERN contracts, which will allow it to work in areas of advanced technology. So the “Make in India” will get a boost due to CERN.
  • Since Indian scientists will become eligible for staff appointments, it will enhance the participation of young scientists and engineers in operation and maintenance of various CERN projects.
  • India has to pay about Rs. 40 crore a year as an Associate member.
  • Indian physicists, engineers and technicians have made substantial contributions to the construction of the LHC accelerator and to the ALICE and CMS experiments, as well as to accelerator R&D projects.
  • India was granted Observer status to the CERN Council in 2002.
  • The CERN convention was signed in 1953 by the 12 founding state. Currently, CERN has 22 member states. Besides India, Turkey, Pakistan, Ukraine are Associate members and Serbia and Cyprus are associate members in the pre-stage to membership.