Current Affairs


  • India has ended up with 3 per cent less rain than normal during the monsoon months of June to September.
  • This is the first time since 2011 that the department was not able to forecast the overall ‘sign’ of the monsoon — meaning that it expected heavy rain but ended up with less than normal.
  • In 2014 and 2015, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) could not anticipate the severity of the droughts but had indicated that monsoon would be below normal.
  • In 2011, the IMD said India would get below normal (95% of the average) rain, but the country ended up with 2 per cent more rain than normal.
  • This year, all [monsoon] models in the world had expected a La Nina to form during the end of the monsoon.
  • There were indications that East and Northwest India would see rain deficits, but the delayed La Nina greatly affected the rains in South India, which has so far seen an 8 per cent deficit.
  • Deficient rain over South India led to riots and violence in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu over the sharing of Cauvery waters.
  • The activation phase of La Nina — a weather phenomenon that is the converse of the El Nino and brings good rains to India — was supposed to boost rain in September.