Facts For Prelims
The Chanakya IAS Academy helps you to what to focus for the prelims concept part of different subjects or the data part involving facts.

Direct From Newspaper

Tirupati temple

is a Lord Venkatateshwara Temple, an incarnation of Vishnu. Lord Venkateshwara is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga


The book is recently in news due to introduction of Sanskrit in institutions of Higher education by MHRD

  • Believed to be earliest book on mathematics- written by Baudhyan
  • Discussesuse of pi and the Pythagoras theorem
  • Depicts the design and construction of fire altars
  • Explains concept of obtuse, acute and right angles


Community from Tamil Naduhas been recently inducted into ST list after cabinet approval.

  • Main occupation of the people who originally belong to the indigenous tribes, is hunting. But they were prohibited entering into the forests to pursue this livelihood, and forced to take up other alternatives such as selling beaded ornaments to survive. Hence, they migrate from place to place to find a market for their beads.
  • During British rule in India they were placed under Criminal Tribes Act 1871, hence stigmatized for a long time, after Independence. However, they were denotified in 1952, though the stigma continues.
  • Practice Silamban or stick fighting.

Great curry crisis

It refers to closing of Indian restaurants in Britain due to incidents of deaths of consumers after consuming the food and allergic reactions. Even the employment minister of Britain cited EU’s uncontrolled immigration laws as a reason for this and used the argument for a Brexit.


Recently, gene called mcr-1 has been discovered in E.Coli bacteria leading to resistance to even Colistin, last stage anti-biotic. This drug resistance can be traced to livestock where the use of Colistin is indiscriminate.

KaBom is a khasi drum

Recently, PM tried his hand at playing this drum while on a visit to Meghalaya

Sacred grooves

are areas in forests that are managed by local communities. These forests usually have a religious connotation attached to them. Hunting and logging are strictly prohibited here. For instance,Sacred forest of Mawphlang where PM Modi was to visit.

Military Madhavaram

is a small village in West Godavari district, AP. It is famed with sending men for armed services for centuries. It has been named after King Madhava Brahma Varma.

  • Today about 250 soldiers are from this village. The villagers have also built a memorial on the lines of Amar JavanJyoti.
  • Recently, the army has decided to build an Army Training Centre in this village.

E-waste problem in India

Source- MoEF, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, UN, The Hindu


Name of NASA Probes and planets they have been sent to

Messenger Mercury
Mariner 2 , Venera Venus
Giotto, Galileo, Hayabusa 2, Procyon, Shi’en 2 Earth Flyby
Phenix, MAVEN, Mars orbitter mission Mars
Voyager, New Horizons Jupiter
Voyager Saturn
New Horizons Pluto
Pioneer and Helios Solar Probes
Aditya (ISRO, planning phase) Solar Probe
New Horizons Flyby of Pluto and study of other Kuipper Belt objects
Voyager 2 To study outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Pluto)


Nine Cities of Delhi

  1. Indraprastha- built by Pandavas
  2. Surajkund - built by Tomars
  3. Lalkot- built by Tomarand extended by PrithvirajChauhan. Since then it is called QilaRaiPithora. Present Mehrauli used to be the seat of the Slave Dynasty
  4. Siri – Founded by AllauddinKhilji
  5. Tughlaqabad – built by GST
  6. Jahanpanah- built by MBT; fortification of the suburbs between Qilaraipithora and Siri
  7. Ferozabad- built by FST
  8. Dinapanah- built by Humayun; Shergarhbuilt by Sher Shah Suri
  9. Shahjahanabad- built by Shah Jahan; containing LalQila and ChandniChowk

Lutyen’s Delhi

Is situated in New Delhi and named after the British architect Edwin Lutyens who did much of the architectural design and building when India was part of the British Umpire.

Pottery and period

Red and black painted ware Harappan
Painted Grey Ware Mahajanapadas
Northern Black polished ware Mauryan and post-Mauryan
Smiley face Is situated in New Delhi and named after the British architect Edwin Lutyens who did much of the architectural design and building when India was part of the British Umpire.

The UPSC IAS Prelims General Studies Question Paper of 2015 is as follows:

1. With reference to the Cabinet Mission, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  • 1. It recommended government. a federal government.
  • 2. It enlarged the powers of the Indian courts.
  • 3. It provided for more Indians ill the ICS.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2 and 3
  • (c) and 3
  • (d) None
2. Which one of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic?
  • (a) Khangchendzonga National Park
  • (b) Nandadevi National Park
  • (c) Neora Valley National Park
  • (d) Namdapha National Park
3. Amnesty International is
  • (a) an agency of the United Nations to help refugees of civil wars
  • (b) a global Human Rights Movement
  • (c) a non-governmental organization to help people voluntary very poor people
  • (d) an inter-governmental agency to cater to medical emergencies in war-ravaged regions
4. With reference to the art and archaeo- logical history of India, which one among the following was made earliest?
  • (a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubneshwar
  • (b) Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli
  • (c) Rock-cut Monuments at Mahabalipuram
  • (d) varaha Image at Udayagiri
5. With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential elementy elements of the feudal system?
  • 1. A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority
  • 2. Emergence of administrative structure based on control and possession of land
  • 3. Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and. his overlord

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • (a) 1 and 2 only
  • (b) and 3 only
  • (c) 3 only
  • (d) 1, 2 and 3
6. 'BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustain- able Forest Landscapes' is managed by the
  • (a) Asian Development Bank
  • (b) International Monetary Fund
  • (c) United Nations Environment Programme
  • (d) World Bank
7. India is a member of which among the following?
  • 1. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • 2. Association of South-East Asian Nations
  • 3. East Asia Summit

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • (a) 1 and 2 only
  • (b) 3 only
  • (c) 1, 2 and 3
  • (d) India is a member of none of them
8. In India, the steel production industry requires the import of
  • (a) saltpetre
  • (b) rock phosphate
  • (c) coking coal
  • (d) All of the above
9. The provisions in Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to
  • (a) protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes
  • (b) determine the boundaries between States
  • (c) determine the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
  • (d) protect the interests of all the border States
10. With reference to the Union Government, consider the following statements :
  • 1. The Department of Revenue is responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the Parliament.
  • 2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization from the Parliament of India.
  • 3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the authorization from the Parliament of India.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  • (a) 1 and 2 only
  • (b) 2 and 3 only
  • (c) 2 only
  • (d) 1, 2 and 3
11. Who /Which of the following is the custodian of the Constitution of India?
  • (a) The President of India
  • (b) The Prime Minister of India
  • (c) The Lok Sabha Secretariat
  • (d) The Supreme court of India
12. Consider the following statements:
  • 1. The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme was launched during 1996-97 to provide loan assistance to poor fanners.
  • 2. The Command Area Development Programme was launched in 1974-75 for the development of water-use efficiency.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2 only
  • (c) Both 1 and 2
  • (d) Neither 1 nor 2
13. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the
  • (a) Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
  • (b) Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
  • (c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • (d) Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
14. In the Mekong-Ganga Cooperation, an initiative of six countries, which of the following is/are not a participant/ participants?
  • 1. Bangladesh
  • 2. Cambodia
  • 3. China
  • 4. Myanmar
  • 5. Thailand

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2, 3 and 4
  • (c) 1 and 3
  • (d) 1, 2 and 5
15. 'Basel III Accord' or simply 'Basel III', often seen in the news, seeks to
  • (a) develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
  • (b) improve banking sector's ability to deal with financial and economic stress and improve risk management
  • (c) reduce the greenhouse gas emissions but places a heavier burden on developed countries
  • (d) transfer technology from developed Countries to poor countries to enable them to replace the use of chlorofluorocarbons in refrigeration with harmless chemicals
16. Consider the following statements
  • 1. The winds which blow between 30o N and 60o S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
  • 2. The moist air masses that cause winter rams in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2 only
  • (c) Both 1 and 2
  • (d) Neither 1 nor 2
17. With reference to 'Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC)', consider the following statements:
  • 1. It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills.
  • 2. It is an alliance meant for maritime security only.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2 only
  • (c) Both 1 and 2
  • (d) Neither 1 nor 2
18. Which one of the following movements has contributed to a split in the Indian National Congress resulting in the emergence of 'moderates' and 'extremists'?
  • (a) Swadeshi Movement
  • (b) Quit India Movement
  • (c) Non-Cooperation Movement
  • (d) Civil Disobedience Movement
19. In a particular region in India, the local people train the roots of living trees into robust bridges across the streams. As the time passes, these bridges become stronger. These unique 'living root bridges' are found in
  • (a) Meghalaya
  • (b) Himachal Pradesh
  • (c) Jharkhand
  • (d) Tamil Nadu
20. Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following?
  • 1. Gravitational force of the Sun
  • 2. Gravitational force of the Moon
  • 3. Centrifugal force of the Earth

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

  • (a) 1 only
  • (b) 2 and 3 only
  • (c) 1 and 3 only
  • (d) 1, 2 and 3
21.B.N. Srikrishna Committee?

A new high level committee led by SC judge B.N.Srikrishna will build a roadmap to make India a “global arbitration hub.”

The Committee’s Terms of reference include:

  • Analyzing the effectiveness of arbitration mechanisms
  • Identification of amendments in other laws to encourage International Commercial Arbitration
  • An action plan for implementation of the law to ensure speedier arbitrations.
22. Scorpene Khanderi ready for sea trials
  • As a result of bilateral cooperation between India and France in areas of technology transfer and assistance in development of world-class submarines, six Scorpene submarines are being built at Mazgaon Docks Limited (MDL) in Mumbai.
  • This deal was signed in 2005 for 3.75 billion US dollars.
  • Already, INS Kalavari has completed its sea trials and will soon be inducted into the Indian navy, INS Khanderi will follow it soon. Other submarines will be delivered at 9 months’ interval.
  • Earlier, these submarines were part of a data leak security breach in an Australian newspaper. However, the Indian navy assures that the leak was not significant enough to completely compromise the stealth capabilities of these submarines. A joint investigation with the French authorities is planned to probe into this unfortunate matter.
23. New Drugs for Tb treatment
  • Bedaquiline (BDQ) and Delaminid are the two new drugs being advised to be inducted into the regular Tb drug regimen for patients suffering from drug resistant Tb such as MDR Tb and XDR Tb (Multi-Drug resistant and Extensively Drug Resistant respectively).
  • judicial hearing is already being considered over the matter with NITRD (National Institute for Tuberculosis & Respiratory Diseases) which claims that it cannot be done till all the efficacy and effects tests are completed.
24. New Organ Found in human body
  • Mesentery is the newest organ discovered in the human digestive system showing that much more needs to be discovered in Anatomical Sciences.
  • The function of this organ is not yet clear but will hopefully be found soon. It’ll probably help in understanding abnormal conditions like abdominal disorders that us humans suffer from. Now there are 79 organs in the human body, including the mesentery.
25. Agriculture Minister`s Conference – Berlin., Germany
  • As per the international norms – Country- water Stressed and water scarce, if per capital/year water availability goes below 1700 M3 and 1000 m3, respectively.
  • India is already water – stressed country and Moving towards turning water scarce.
  • India –Highest production and productivity of caster, mainly because of Hybrid technologies and water use efficiency
  • India top Producer of milk
26. Statehood Day –Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur

Under the North-Eastern Areas (Re-organisation) Act, 1971, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya attained statehood on January 21, 1972.

27. India’s largest bank teams up with the nation’s largest Warship
  • INS Vikramaditya, the largest warship and latest aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy
  • The facilities offered by the State Bank of India to the ship include cash withdrawals, generation of mini-statements, access to bank balance details and change of PIN numbers.
28. Health Ministry to launch population based prevention, screening and control programme for five non-communicable diseases
  • Non-Communicable diseases (NCDs) which are Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) such as heart attacks and stroke, Diabetes, Chronic Respiratory Diseases (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases and Asthma) and Cancer inter alia account for over 60% of all mortality in India.
  • As part of the National Health Mission, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is launching population based prevention, screening and control programme for five common non-communicable diseases, namely Hypertension, Diabetes, and Cancers of oral cavity, breast and cervix
29. Digi Dhan Mela organized in Jaipur - to spread awareness on cashless transactions
  • As part of the awareness campaign on cashless transactions, a Digi-Dhan Mela was organized.
  • The public and private sector banks put up their stalls, where people were given information about the digital transactions. Answered to the queries of the people.
  • The participants were also informed about various platforms of digital transactions and the procedure to use it. The officials said that digital transactions are safe and there is no risk involved
30. Environment : A New Balance economic Vs Environment

Environmental governances has taken a back seat in India with the talk of Environment v/s economic growth gaining more ground than ` Environment and economic growth.

Context- ENV Min has asked non –official experts of appraisal committees to expedite clearances of pending projects over next three months.

Inputs of scientist and non official experts are critical to ensure sustainability of natural resources and still maintain eco growth

  • Run the risk of diluting Environment safeguards
  • See Environment and economic growth in confrontational terms
  • GOI likes to have rubber stamps and not independent experts
  • ENV Min likes to be Judged on the Number Of projects cleared
  • Data on Projects is already very less or dubious
  • Min should `t turns into a clearing house.
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