- Sociology - The Discipline: Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology, Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences, Sociology and common sense.
- Sociology as Science: Science, scientific method and critique, Major theoretical strands of research methodology, Positivism and its critique, Fact value and objectivity, Non- positivist methodologies.
- Research Methods and Analysis: Qualitative and quantitative methods, Techniques of data collection, Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.
- Sociological Thinkers: Kar l Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle, Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society, Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism, Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables, Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups, Mead - Self and identity.
- Stratification and Mobility: Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation, Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory, Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race, Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.
- Works and Economic Life: Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society, Formal and informal organization of work, Labour and society.
- Politics and Society: Sociological theories of power, Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties, Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology, Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
- Religion and Society: Sociological theories of religion, Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults, Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
- Systems of Kinship: Family, household, marriage, Types and forms of family, Lineage and descent, Patriarchy and sexual division of labour, Contemporary trends. 10. Social Change in Modern Society: Sociological theories of social change, Development and dependency, Agents of social change, Education and social change, Science, technology and social change.
PAPER - II
INDIAN SOCIETY : STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
- Introducing Indian Society:
- Perspectives on the study of Indian society: Indology (GS. Ghurye), Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas), Marxist sociology (A R Desai).
- Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : Social background of Indian nationalism, Modernization of Indian tradition, Protests and movements during the colonial period, Social reforms.
- Social Structure:
- Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: The idea of Indian village and village studies, Agrarian social structure - evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
- Caste System: Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille, Features of caste system, Untouchability - forms and perspectives.
- Tribal communities in India: Definitional problems, Geographical spread, Colonial policies and tribes, Issues of integration and autonomy.
- Social Classes in India: Agrarian class structure, Industrial class structure, Middle classes in India.
- Systems of Kinship in India: Lineage and descent in India, Types of kinship systems, Family and marriage in India, Household dimensions of the family.
- Religion and Society: Religious communities in India, Problems of religious minorities.
- Social Changes in India:
- Visions of Social Change in India: Idea of development planning and mixed economy, Constitution, law and social change, Education and social change.
- Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes, Green revolution and social change, Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture, Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
- Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: Evolution of modern industry in India, Growth of urban settlements in India, Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization, Informal sector, child labour, Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
- Politics and Society: Nation, democracy and citizenship, Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite, Regionalism and decentralization of power, Secularization
- Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements, Women's movement, Backward classes & Dalit movement, Environmental movements, Ethnicity and Identity movements.
- Population Dynamics: Population size, growth, composition and distribution, Components of population growth: birth, death, migration, opulation policy and family planning, Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
- Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability, Poverty, deprivation and inequalities, Violence against women, Caste conflicts, Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism, Illiteracy and disparities in education.