Malayalam Main Syllabus
Check out Malayalam syllabus for UPSC Main examination.

Malayalam Syllabus for Main Examination

Paper-I

Answers must be written in Malayalam.

Section-A

Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language:

  • Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
  • Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma.
  • Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.

Unit 2-Linguistic features of :

  • Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Attakkatha.
  • Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
  • Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmandapuranam, Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.

Unit 3-Satandardisation of Malayalam

  • Peculairities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.
  • Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
  • Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam : Malayalam as administravie language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.

Section-B

Literary History

Unit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature:

  • Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
  • Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkatha and champu.
  • Folk literature.
  • Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.

Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poerty

  • Venmani poets and contemporaries.
  • The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
  • Poetry after Kavitraya.
  • Modernism in Malayalam poetry.

Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose

  • Drama
  • Novel
  • Short story
  • Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.

Paper-II

Answers must be written in Malayalam.

This paper will requre first hand reading of the texts prescribed and is designed to test the candidate's critical ability.

Section-A

Unit 1

  • Ramacharitam-Patalam 1.
  • Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
  • Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
  • Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.,

Unit 2.

  • Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.
  • Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhikkal.
  • G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.
  • N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.

Unit 3

  • ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam
  • Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
  • Akkittam-Paudatha Messanthi
  • Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan

Section-B

Unit 4

  • O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
  • Thakazhy-Chemmin.
  • O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.

Unit 5

  • MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
  • N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).
  • C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27

Unit 6

  • Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharataparyatanam
  • M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute snehabhajanam
  • V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.