Kashmiri Main Syllabus
Check out Kashmiri syllabus for UPSC Main examination.

Kashmiri Syllabus for Main Examination

Paper-I

Answers must be written in Kashmiri.
Section-: A

1. Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language: various theories.

2. Areas of occurrence and dialects (geographical/social)

3. Phonology and grammar:

  • Vowel and consonant system;
  • Nouns and pronouns with various case inflections;
  • Verbs: various types and tenses.

4. Syntactic structure:

  • Simple , active and declarative statements;
  • Coordination;
  • Relativisation.

Section-B

1. Kashmiri literature in the 14th century (Socio-cultural and intellectual background with special reference to Lal Dyad and Sheikhul Alam)

2. Nineteenth century Kashmiri literature (development of various genres: vatsun; ghazal; and mathnavi).

3. Kashmiri literature in the first half of the twentieth century (with special reference to Mahjoor and Azad; various literary influences).

4. Modern Kashmiri literature (with special refernece to the development of the short story, drama, novel and nazm).

Paper-II

Answers must be written in Kashmiri.

Section-A

1. Intensive study of Kashmiri poetry upto the nineteenth century:

  • Lal Dyad
  • Sheikhul Aalam
  • Habba Khatoon

2. Kashmiri poetry: 19th Century

  • Mahmood Gami (Vatsans)
  • Maqbool Shah (Gulrez)
  • Rasool Mir (Ghazals)
  • Abdul Ahad Nadim (N'at)
  • Krishanjoo Razdan (Shiv Lagun)
  • Sufi Poets (Text in Sanglaab, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)
  • 3. Twentieth Century Kashmiri poetry (text in Azich Kashir Shairi, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)
  • 4. Literary criticism and research work: development and various trends.

Section-B

1. An analytical study of the short story in Kashmiri.

  • Afsana Majmu'a, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir.
  • Kashur Afsana Az, published by the Sahitya Akademi
  • Hamasar Kashur Afsana, published by the Sahitya Akademi
    The following short story writers only: Akhtar Mohi-ud-Din, Kamil, Hari Krishan Kaul, Hraday Kaul Bharti, Bansi Nirdosh, Gulshan Majid.

2. Novel in Kashmiri:

  • Mujrim by G.N. Gowhar
  • Marun-Ivan Ilyichun, (Kashmiri version of Tolstoy's The Death of Ivan Iiyich (Published by Kashmiri Deptt).

3. Drama in Kashmiri

  • Natuk Kariv Band, by Hari Krishan Kaul
  • OK Angy Natuk, ed. Motilal Keemu. published by Sahitya Akademi.
  • Razi Oedipus, tr. Naji Munawar, published by Sahitya Akademi.

4. Kashmiri Folk Literature:

  • Kashur Luki Theatre by Mohammad Subhan Bhagat, published by Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir.
  • Kashiry Luki Beeth (all volumes) published by the J & K Cultural Academy.