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20 August 2016 K2_CATEGORY IAS Blog

Source: 2013 Mains question paper- 4

Note: this answer has been written for the purposes of explanation; Hence, it may not adhere to word limit. For examination purposes, phrases instead of full sentences could be used.

  • Introduction- The above case presents a situation where a Public Information Officer has to disclose certain information as per his duty obligations but the same may lead to substantial personal harm. Hence, the case presents a dilemma between duty and personal interests.
  • An evaluation of the various options available to the PIO are as follows:
    • Option 1- The PIO could refer the matter to his superior officer and seek his advice and strictly act in accordance with his advice, even though he is not completely in agreement the advice of his superior.
      Merits Demerits
      consulting the superior officer is a good idea as it earns the superior's confidence. shows lack of initiative and the PIO is shying away from responsibility in this case
      avoids harmful personal repercussions to some extent as superior might support the PIO. acting according to the superior's advice even when not in complete agreement with him shows sheer lack of courage and intellectual integrity.
      The superior's experience may be useful in solving the matter.  
    • The PIO could proceed proceed on leave and leave the matter to be dealt by his superior in office or request for transfer of the application to another PIO
      Merits Demerits
      prevents harmful personal repercussions towards the PIO’s career shows lack of courage and integrity
      prevents harmful repercussions to other employees who are involved in the matter shying away from responsibility for one’s action
        does not address duty obligations
        against morality
    • The PIO could weigh the consequences of disclosing the information truthfully including the effect on his career, and reply in a manner that would not place him or his career in jeopardy, but at the same time a little compromise can be made on the contents of the application.
      Merits Demerits
      prevents harmful personal repercussions towards the PIO’s career does not address duty obligations
      prevents harmful repercussions to other employees who are involved in the matter telling half-truths is an act of deception
      not shying away from responsibility against morality
    • The PIO could consult his other colleagues who are party to the decision and take action as per their advice
      Merits Demerits
      takes into consideration the interests of other stakeholders duty to give correct information maybe compromised
      may prevent harmful personal repercussions towards the PIO’s career and other stakeholders shows lack of courage and integrity
        shying away from responsibility for one’s action
        shows lack of initiative
    • Advice to the PIO-
      Consult senior officer about the matter and make him aware about the lapse from your side. However, you must act as per your duty obligations and respond with full information. The lapse from your side may be considered an error in judgement and repercussions may not be severe considering your honest and clean record.
      Merits Demerits
      duty obligations fulfilled. shows immense courage and high level of integrity. may have some harmful personal repercussions
      consulting the superior officer is a good idea as it earns the superior’s confidence. The superior’s experience may be useful in solving the matter. may have repercussions for some employees
      not shying away from responsibility  
      personal integrity and honest character maintained.  
20 August 2016 K2_CATEGORY IAS Blog

The article discuss about the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan of government to turn India into a 100% electric vehicle nation.

  • The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP) is one of the most important and ambitious initiatives of the government to bring about transformational change in the automotive and transport landscape in the country.
  • It has envisaged a comprehensive scheme, covering all aspects of electric mobility.
  • Incentive to facilitate acquisition of hybrid or electric vehicles;
  • Promoting R&D in areas of battery technology, battery management, system integration, power electronics and motors, etc;
  • Power and charging infrastructure;
  • Supply-side management;
  • Encouragement of retrofitting of old vehicles with hybrid kits.
  • The NEMMP had envisaged 6-7 million units by 2020 to take a leadership position in the world and also contributing towards national fuel security.
  • The government has now planned a big thrust for the sector and aims to turn India into a 100% electric vehicle nation by 2030.
  • The Indian automotive industry has made tremendous progress in the last decade and has emerged as the sixth-largest automobile manufacturer in the world.
  • Considering the increase of middle-class population, urbanisation and inadequate public infrastructure, vehicular penetration is going to increase further.
  • It is worthwhile to note that vehicular penetration is not only much less than in developed countries, but also lesser than developing countries like China, Malaysia, Brazil and South Africa.
  • Therefore, it is a gigantic task to have 100% electric mobility by 2030.
  • The establishment of power and charging infrastructure and its management is key for the success of electric vehicles.
  • The adoption of such vehicles is closely linked to the development and availability of required charging infrastructure at the doorstep and at affordable prices.
  • Large-scale introduction of vehicles fuelled by electricity—either pure electric or hybrid—implies that private and public charging stations will have to be integrated into the existing low and medium voltage electricity network.
  • This calls for cooperation amongst various stakeholders—both regulated and non-regulated.
  • The electric mobility initiative and renewable energy sources need to be developed in an integrated manner to have a cleaner environment, quality of power supply, and efficient transmission and distribution facilities.
  • The batteries of electric vehicles can be used to store energy and act when required for balancing the variability of renewable energy resources.
  • This would be possible when electric mobility becomes an integral part of the smart grid development.
  • This kind of operation requires very strong and robust ICT which involves large-scale investment.
  • There are a large number of players in electric mobility services and their roles need to be defined for smooth implementation of this initiative.
  • We have to finalise the best model for our country to bring competitiveness, new technology, large-scale investment, speedier implementation and economy in the sector.
  • Market participants need to be provided with proper regulations, initial subsidy and enough time to prepare and establish their business plan.

Question:

The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP) is one of the most important and ambitious initiatives of the government to bring about transformational change in the automotive and transport landscape in the country. Elaborate.

Suggested Approach:

  • Features of the NEMMP.
  • How it will benefit the society.
  • Limitations which needs to be overcome.

Link:http://www.financialexpress.com/fe-columnist/long-way-to-go-for-electric-mobility/352405/

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