Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, launched the Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme, with a focus on holistic development of heritage cities. The scheme aims to preserve and revitalize soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment.
HRIDAY strategizes its efforts like planning, development, implementation and management for ensuring the sustainable growth of selected heritage cities in partnership with State Governments. It offers a paradigm shift in India’s approach to city development, bringing together urban planning/economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive and integrated manner with special attention on livelihoods, skills, cleanliness, security, accessibility and service delivery. The scheme will work through a partnership of Government (Central/State/Local), private sector, academic institutions and local community, combining affordable technologies.
Identified cities/towns will be required to prepare Heritage Management Plan (HMP) for the city/town and develop and execute Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for identified projects (after consultation with all stakeholders) for availing assistance under the scheme, through either empaneled agencies, state para-states, Public Sector Undertakings, Special purpose vehicles et al.
HRIDAY is a central sector scheme, where 100% funding will be provided by Government of India. The duration of this scheme is four years i.e. from December 2014 to March 2018. The scheme would be implemented in a mission mode.
The scheme will broadly focus on four theme areas for reviving and revitalizing the soul of Heritage City:
“Preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment. To undertake strategic and planned development of heritage cities aiming at improvement in overall quality of life with specific focus on sanitation, security, tourism, heritage revitalization and livelihoods retaining the city’s cultural identity.”
The main objective of HRIDAY is to preserve character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked urban development by exploring various avenues including involving private sector. Specific objectives are:
Twelve cities have been selected under the scheme in the first phase, namely;
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK AND GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE:
The Scheme is structured for planning and implementation through the following institutional structures:
NATIONAL HRIDAY EMPOWERED COMMITTEE (NHEC)
The 'Make in India' programme aims at promoting India as an important investment destination and a global hub for manufacturing, design and innovation. The 'Make in India' initiative does not target manufacturing sector alone, but also aims at promoting entrepreneurship in the country. The initiative is further aimed at creating a conducive environment for investment, modern and efficient infrastructure, opening up new sectors for foreign investment and forging a partnership between government and industry through positive mindset.
The following 25 sectors have been identified under the 'Make in India' initiative :
1. Central Government Initiatives
2. State Government Initiatives
International Solar Alliance (ISA) is conceived as a coalition of solar resource rich countries to address their special energy needs and will provide a platform to collaborate on addressing the identified gaps through a common, agreed approach. It is also called as the International Agency for Solar Technologies and Applications (IASTA). It aims to spread cheap solar technology across the globe with pooled policy knowledge. The alliance includes around 120 countries that support the “Declaration on the occasion to launch the international solar alliance of countries dedicated to the promotion of solar energy”.
The Paris declaration on International Solar Alliance states that the countries share the collective ambition to undertake innovative and concerted efforts for reducing the cost of finance and cost of technology for immediate deployment of competitive solar generation, financial instruments to mobilise more than 1000 Billion US Dollars of investments needed by 2030 for the massive deployment of affordable solar energy and to pave the way for future solar generation, storage and good technologies.
MISSION AND VISION
ISA’s Mission and Vision is to provide a platform for cooperation among solar resource rich countries where global community including bilateral and multilateral organizations, corporates, industry, and stakeholders can make a positive contribution to the common goals of increasing utilizing of solar energy in meeting energy needs of ISA member countries in a safe, convenient, affordable, equitable and sustainable manner
The overarching objective is to create a collaborative platform for increased deployment of solar energy technologies to enhance energy security & sustainable development; improve access to energy and opportunities for better livelihoods in rural and remote areas and to increase the standard of living.
ISA will work with partner countries in the identification of national opportunities to accelerate development and deployment of existing clean solar energy technologies, the potential for which largely remains untapped. The increased deployment of solar technologies will benefit the countries in terms of direct and indirect employment opportunities generated and the economic activity that will be triggered through electricity and solar appliance access to predominantly rural households
To achieve the objectives, ISA, by way of supplementing the national efforts of the countries, through appropriate means will undertake following activities:
KEY FOCUS AREAS
To achieve the objectives, ISA will have five key focus areas:
These focus areas will cater to:
ISA is proposed to be a multi country partnership organization with membership from solar resource rich countries between the two tropics.
ISA’s proposed governance structure would consist of:
To achieve the goals and objectives, and subject to mutual deliberations, following action points have been identified as short term priorities, to be taken up by ISA:-
TENTATIVE LIST OF MEMBER NATIONS
The UN General Assembly Resolution A/RES/36/193 in 1981 underlined the need for cooperation among developing countries and mobilization of financial resources for new and renewable sources of energy. After 2002 UN World Summit on Sustainable Development, many advocacy organizations were set up, primarily to disseminate knowledge about renewable energy. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 7.1, 7.2, 7.a and 7.b clearly state that renewable energy must be given priority in the future agenda of all countries. These read as follows:
SDG- 7 : “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”.
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programs of support.
The Scheme shall be implemented through a multi-agency framework by selected insurance companies under the overall guidance & control of the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) (under Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (MoA&FW), Government of India (GOI)) and the concerned State.
3. FARMERS TO BE COVERED: All farmers growing notified crops in a notified area during the season who have insurable interest in the crop are eligible.
3.1. COMPULSORY COVERAGE: The enrolment under the scheme, subject to possession of insurable interest on the cultivation of the notified crop in the notified area, shall be compulsory for following categories of farmers:
3.1.1. Farmers in the notified area who possess a Crop Loan account/KCC account (called as Loanee Farmers) to whom credit limit is sanctioned/renewed for the notified crop during the crop season.
3.1.2. Such other farmers whom the Government may decide to include from time to time.
3.2. VOLUNTARY COVERAGE: Voluntary coverage may be obtained by all farmers not covered in 3.1 above, including Crop KCC/Crop Loan Account holders whose credit limit is not renewed.
4.1. RISKS: Following risks leading to crop loss are to be covered under the scheme:
4.1.1. YIELD LOSSES (standing crops, on notified area basis): Comprehensive risk insurance is provided to cover yield losses due to non-preventable risks, such as
4.1.2. PREVENTED SOWING (on notified area basis): In cases where majority of the insured farmers of a notified area, having intent to sow/plant and incurred expenditure for the purpose, are prevented from sowing/planting the insured crop due to adverse weather conditions, shall be eligible for indemnity claims upto a maximum of 25% of the sum-insured.
4.1.3. POST-HARVEST LOSSES (individual farm basis): Coverage is available upto a maximum period of 14 days from harvesting for those crops which are kept in “cut & spread” condition to dry in the field after harvesting, against specific perils of cyclone / cyclonic rains, unseasonal rains throughout the country.
4.1.4. LOCALISED CALAMITIES (individual farm basis): Loss / damage resulting from occurrence of identified localized risks i.e. hailstorm, landslide, and Inundation affecting isolated farms in the notified area.
4.2. EXCLUSIONS: Risks and Losses arising out of following perils shall be excluded: War & kindred perils, nuclear risks, riots, malicious damage, theft, act of enmity, grazed and/or destroyed by domestic and/or wild animals. In case of Post–Harvest losses the harvested crop bundled and heaped at a place before threshing, other preventable risks.
5.SUM INSURED / LIMIT OF COVERAGE:
In case of Loanee farmers under Compulsory Component, the Sum Insured would be equal to Scale of Finance for that crop as fixed by District Level Technical Committee (DLTC) which may extend up to the value of the threshold yield of the insured crop at the option of insured farmer. Where value of the threshold yield is lower than the Scale of Finance, higher amount shall be the Sum Insured. Multiplying the Notional Threshold Yield with the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of the current year arrives at the value of sum insured. Wherever Current year’s MSP is not available, MSP of previous year shall be adopted. The crops for which, MSP is not declared, farm gate price established by the marketing department / board shall be adopted.
Further, in case of Loanee farmers, the Insurance Charges payable by the farmers shall be financed by loan disbursing office of the Bank, and will be treated as additional component to the Scale of Finance for the purpose of obtaining loan.
For farmers covered on voluntary basis the sum-insured is upto the value of Threshold yield i.e threshold yield x (MSP or gate price) of the insured crop.
The rate of Insurance Charges payable by the farmer will be as per the following table:
6. SHARING OF RISK:
Risk will be shared by IA and the Government as follows:
The liability of the Insurance companies in case of catastrophic losses computed at the National level for an agricultural crop season, shall be upto 350% of total premium collected (farmer share plus Govt. subsidy) or 35% of total Sum Insured (SI), of all the Insurance Companies combined, whichever is higher. The losses at the National level in a crop season beyond this ceiling shall be met by equal contribution (i.e. on 50:50 basis) from the Central Government and the concerned State Governments.
7. Salient Features and Benefits:
8. The new Crop Insurance Scheme is in line with One Nation – One Scheme theme. It incorporates the best features of all previous schemes and at the same time, all previous shortcomings/weaknesses have been removed. Comparison of various Agricultural Insurance Schemes is given below:
9. Other facts
The conceptualization of Smart City varies from city to city and country to country, depending on the level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city residents. To provide for the aspirations and needs of the citizens, urban planners ideally aim at developing the entire urban eco-system, which is represented by the four pillars of comprehensive development -institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructure. In the approach of the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of 'Smart' Solutions. Application of Smart Solutions will enable cities to use technology, information and data to improve infrastructure and services. Comprehensive development in this way will improve quality of life, create employment and enhance incomes for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged, leading to inclusive Cities. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas, create a replicable model which will act like a light house to other aspiring cities.
The core infrastructure elements in a smart city would include:
Some typical features of comprehensive development in Smart Cities are described below:
The strategic components of area-based development in the Smart Cities Mission are city improvement (retrofitting), city renewal (redevelopment) and city extension (greenfield development) plus a Pan-city initiative in which Smart Solutions are applied covering larger parts of the city.
Only the capable cities will be chosen under the Smart Cities Mission through a two-stage competition. In the Stage-1 of City Challenge Competition, each State and Union Territory will score all their cities based on a set of criteria and nominate the top scorers as per the indicated number of potential smart cities for participation in the Stage-2 of competition.
The evaluation criteria for Stage-1 of competition within the State/UT is as below:
1.Existing Service Levels (25 points): This includes Increase in service levels over Census 2011, an operational Online Grievance Redressal System, publication of at least first monthly e-newsletter and online publication of municipal budget expenditure details for the last two financial years on website.
2.Institutional Systems and Capacities (15 points): This covers imposition of penalties for delays in service delivery and improvement in internal resource generation over the last three years.
3.Self-financing (30 points): This would be reflected in payment of salaries by urban local bodies up to last month, auditing of accounts up to FY 2012-13, contribution of internal revenues to the Budget for 2014-15 and percentage of establishment and maintenance cost of water supply met through user charges during 2014-15.
4.Past track record (30 points): Percentage of JNNURM projects completed which were sanctioned till 2012, Percentage of City level reforms achieved under JNNURM and extent of capital expenditure met from internal resources.
The 100 potential smart cities nominated by all the States and UTs based on Stage-1 criteria will prepare Smart City Plans which will be rigorously evaluated in the Stage-2 of the competition for prioritizing cities for financing. In the first round of this stage, 20 top scorers will be chosen for financing during this financial year. The remaining would be asked to make up the deficiencies identified by the Apex Committee in the Ministry of Urban Development for participation in the next two rounds of competition. 40 cities each will be selected for financing during the next rounds of competition.
Stage-2 criteria for evaluation of Smart City Plans is as below:
CITY LEVEL EVALUATION (30 points)
1.Credibility of implementation: This encompasses improvement in operational efficiency over the last three years as reflected in average time taken to give building plan approvals, increase in property tax assessment and collection, collection of user charges for water, improvement in power supply, easing of traffic congestion, online accessing of statutory documents through adoption of IT etc.
2.City Vision and Strategy: As reflected in the degree of correlation with the needs and aspirations of the residents, use of ICT to improve public service delivery, impact on core economic activity and inclusiveness.
PROPOSAL LEVEL EVALUATION (70 points)
3.Impact of proposal: To what extent the proposal is inclusive in terms of benefits to the poor and disadvantaged, Extent of employment generation, Articulation of quantifiable outcomes based on citizen consultations, Impact on environment etc.
4.Cost effectiveness of Smart City Plan: Application of smart solutions for doing more with less of resources, Alternatives considered to enhance cost effectiveness of the proposal, firming up of resources required from various sources, Provision for Operation & Maintenance Costs, IT interventions to improve public service delivery.
5.Innovation and Scalability: Extent of adoption of best practices in consultation with citizens, Applicability of project to the entire city, Adoption of smart solutions and Pan-city developments.
6.Processes followed: Extent of citizen consultations, vulnerable sections like the differently abled, children, elderly etc., ward committees and area sabhas and important citizen groups, Extent of use of social media and mobile governance during citizen consultations and Accommodation of contrary voices in the strategy and planning.
|S.No.||Name of State/UT||No. of cities shortlisted||Names of selected cities||Population of Cities|
|1.||Andaman & Nicobar Islands||1||Port Blair||1,40,572|
|2.||Andhra Pradesh||3||1. Vishakhapatnam/ 2. Tirupati/ 3. Kakinada||1.18,78,980/ 2. 3,74,260/ 3. 3,50,968/|
|5.||Bihar||3||1. Muzaffarpur/ 2. Bhagalpur/ 3. Biharsharif||1. 3,93,724/ 2. 4,10,210/ 3. 2,96,889|
|7.||Chhattisgarh||2||1. Raipur/ 2. Bilaspur||1. 10,47,389/ 2. 3,65,579|
|8.||Daman and Diu||1||Diu||23,991|
|9.||Dadra and Nagar Haveli||1||Silvassa||98,032|
|10.||Delhi||1||New Delhi Muncipal Council||2,49,998|
|12.||Gujarat||6||1. Gandhinagar/ 2. Ahmedabad/ 3. Surat/ 4. Vadodara/ 5. Rajkot/ 6. Dahod||1. 2,92,797/ 2. 55,77,940/ 3. 44,67,797/ 4. 17,52,371/ 5. 13,23,363/ 6. 1,30,530|
|13.||Haryana||2||1. Karnal/ 2. Faridabad||1. 3,02,140/ 2. 14,14,050|
|16.||Karnataka||6||1. Mangaluru/ 2. Belagavi/ 3. Shivamogga/ 4. Hubbali - Dharwad/ 5. Tumakuru/ 6. Davanagere||1. 4,84,785/ 2. 4,88,292/ 3. 3,22,428/ 4. 9,43,857/ 5. 3,05,821/ 6. 4,35,128|
|19.||Madhya Pradesh||7||1. Bhopal/ 2. Indore/ 3. Jabalpul/ 4. Gwalior/ 5. Sagar/ 6. Satna/ 7. Ujjain||1. 19,22,130/ 2. 21,95,274/ 3. 12,16,445/ 4. 11,59,032/ 5. 2,73,296/ 6. 2,80,222/ 7. 5,15,215|
|20.||Maharashtra||10||1. Navi Mumbai/ 2. Nashik/ 3. Thane/ 4. Greater Mumbai/ 5. Amravati/ 6. Solapur/ 7. Nagpur/ 8. Kalyan-Dombivilli/ 9. Aurangabad/ 10. Pune||1. 11, 19, 000/ 2. 14,86,000/ 3. 18,41,000/ 4. 1,24,00,000/ 5. 7,45,000/ 6. 9,52,000/ 7. 24,60,000/ 8. 15,18,000/ 9. 11,65,000/ 10. 31,24,000/|
|25.||Odisha||2||1. Bhubaneshwar/ 2. Raurkela||1. 8,40,834/|
|27.||Punjab||3||1. Ludhiana/ 2. Jalandhar/ 3. Amritsar||1. 16,18,874/ 2. 8,68,181/ 3. 11,55,664|
|28.||Rajasthan||4||1. Jaipur/ 2. Udaipur/ 3. Kota/ 4. Ajmer||1. 30,73,350/ 2. 4,75,150 3. 10,01,365/ 4. 5,51,360|
|30.||Tamil Nadu||12||1. Tiruchurapalli/ 2. Tirunelveli/ 3. Dindigul/ 4. Thanjavur/ 5. Tiruppur/ 6. Salem/ 7. Vellore/ 8. Coimbatore/ 9. Madurai/ 10. Erode/ 11. Thoothukudi/ 12. Chennai||1. 9,19,974/ 2. 4,74,838/ 3. 2,07,327/ 4. 2,22,943/ 5. 8,77,778/ 6. 8,31,038/ 7. 5,04,079/ 8. 16,01,438/ 9. 15,61,129/ 10. 4,98,129/ 11. 3,70,896/ 12. 67,27,000|
|31.||Telangana||2||1. Greater Hyderabad 2. Greater Warangal||1. 67,31,790/ 2. 8,19,406|
|33.||Uttar Pradesh**||12||1. Moradabad/ 2. Aligarh/ 3. Shaharanpur/ 4. Bareilly/ 5. Jhansi/ 6. Kanpur/ 7. Allahabad/ 8. Lucknow/ 9. Varanasi/ 10. Ghaziabad/ 11. Agra/ 12. Rampur||1. 8,87,871/ 2. 8,74,408/ 3. 7,05,478/ 4. 9,03,668/ 5. 5,05,693/ 6. 27,65,348/ 7. 11,12,544/ 8. 28,17,105/ 9. 11,98,491/ 10. 16,48,643/ 11. 15,85,704/ 12. 3,35,313|
|35.||West Bengal||4||1. New Town Kolkata/ 2. Bidhannagar/ 3. Duragapur/ 4. Haldia||1. 36,541/ 2. 6,33,704/ 3. 5,71,000/ 4. 2,72,000|
*Jammu and Kashmir has asked for more time to decide on the potential Smart City.
** 12 cities have been shortlisted from Uttar Pradesh against 13 cities allocated to the State.
The success of the government’s Smart City Mission is largely dependent upon the finance generation at the State-level as well as private investments. The Centre has set aside Rs. 48,000 crore for the mission and the money will be released to urban local bodies at frequent intervals in the next five years. The Centre has asked the State governments to generate the rest of the Rs. 48,000 crore as the grand total of the mission is estimated at Rs.96,000 crore.