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National Human Rights Commission Bill,2019


Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a programme launched by the NDA government on 25th December 2000 for providing all-weather road connectivity to every rural habitation with a minimum population of 500 in the plains and 250-plus in hill states, tribal districts and desert areas.

Objective: To provide all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations.

Facts of the Scheme:

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme
  • The programme envisages connecting all eligible unconnected habitations with
    • A population of 500 persons and above in plain areas
    • 250 persons and above in Hill States, Tribal (Schedule-V) areas, the Desert Areas (as identified in Desert Development Programme) and 82 Selected Tribal and Backward Districts under Integrated Action Plan (IAP) as identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs/Planning Commission.
  • The programme also has an Upgradation component in order to ensure full farm to market connectivity.
  • The Rural Roads is one of the six components of Bharat Nirman
  • World Bank has supported PMGSY since its inception.
  • For this scheme, 75 paise per litre has been earmarked out of cess levied on high speed diesel.
  • It considers habitation as unit for providing connectivity and not a revenue village.
  • The scheme encourages use of “Green Technologies” and non-conventional materials (like waste plastic, geo-textiles, fly-ash, iron and copper slag etc) for constructing rural roads.
  • Funding pattern : In ratio of 60:40 between Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir) for which it is 90:10.
  • A total of 5,99,090 Km road length has been constructed under the scheme since inception till April, 2019 (inclusive of PMGSY-I, PMGSY-II and RCPLWEA Scheme.

Current Context

  • Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, it is proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km road length in the States.
  • It involves consolidation of Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
  • The funds would be shared in the ratio of 60:40 between the Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand) for which it is 90:10.

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