Chanakya IAS Academy Blog

Notice

KUMBH MELA IN UNESCO LIST

THE NEWS

  • Kumbh Mela has been listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation).
  • UNESCO has inscribed Kumbh Mela into its list during its ongoing 12th session of the committee held at Jeju, South Korea.
  • The recommendation was made by an expert body which examines nominations submitted by members countries of the UNESCO.

FACTS ABOUT KUMBH MELA

  • It is held once in every 12 years.
  • The Mela is the largest peaceful congregation of pilgrims on earth, and it represents a syncretic set of rituals related to worship and rituals cleansing in holy rivers in India.
  • The knowledge and skills related to the Mela are transmitted through the- ‘GURU SHISHYAPARAMPARA PARAMPARA’ (Teacher-Student Relationship).
  • According to Hindu belief, During a battle between God and Demons over a pitcher containing nectar of immortality(Amrit), a few drops fell at four main locations- Haridwar, Ujjain, Allahabad, and Nasik, where Kumbh is held after every 12 years.

SAFEGUARDING THE HERITAGE

  • In 2003, the UNESCO General Conference has adopted the convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible Heritage as an international treaty.
  • UNESCO has also added 12 new elements to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity-
    1. INDIA- KUMBH MELA
    2. KAZAKHSTAN- KAZAKH TRADITIONAL ASSYK GAMES.
    3. PORTUGAL- CRAFTSMAN OF ESTREMOZ CLAY FIGURES
    4. GERMANY- ORGAN CRAFTSMAN AND MUSIC
    5. GREECE- REBETIKO
    6. INDONESIA- PINSI
    7. IRAN- CHOGAN
    8. IRAN (Islamic Republic of Azerbaijan)- ART OF CRAFTING AND PLYING WITH KAMANTCHEH
    9. IRELAND- UILLEANN PIPING
    10. ITALY- ART OF NEAPOLITAN ‘PIZZAIUOLO’
    11. KYRGYZSTAN- KOK BORU
    12. MALAWI- NSIMA

CONCLUSION

  • This inscription is the third in recent two years following the inscriptions of ‘NOUROZ’ and ‘YOGA’.
  • The cultural heritage encompasses traditions and living expressions more than just tangible places, monuments, and objects and this inscription is a proud moment for India.
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