KUMBH MELA IN UNESCO LIST
- Kumbh Mela has been listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation).
- UNESCO has inscribed Kumbh Mela into its list during its ongoing 12th session of the committee held at Jeju, South Korea.
- The recommendation was made by an expert body which examines nominations submitted by members countries of the UNESCO.
FACTS ABOUT KUMBH MELA
- It is held once in every 12 years.
- The Mela is the largest peaceful congregation of pilgrims on earth, and it represents a syncretic set of rituals related to worship and rituals cleansing in holy rivers in India.
- The knowledge and skills related to the Mela are transmitted through the- ‘GURU SHISHYAPARAMPARA PARAMPARA’ (Teacher-Student Relationship).
- According to Hindu belief, During a battle between God and Demons over a pitcher containing nectar of immortality(Amrit), a few drops fell at four main locations- Haridwar, Ujjain, Allahabad, and Nasik, where Kumbh is held after every 12 years.
SAFEGUARDING THE HERITAGE
- In 2003, the UNESCO General Conference has adopted the convention for the safeguarding of the Intangible Heritage as an international treaty.
- UNESCO has also added 12 new elements to the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity-
- INDIA- KUMBH MELA
- KAZAKHSTAN- KAZAKH TRADITIONAL ASSYK GAMES.
- PORTUGAL- CRAFTSMAN OF ESTREMOZ CLAY FIGURES
- GERMANY- ORGAN CRAFTSMAN AND MUSIC
- GREECE- REBETIKO
- INDONESIA- PINSI
- IRAN- CHOGAN
- IRAN (Islamic Republic of Azerbaijan)- ART OF CRAFTING AND PLYING WITH KAMANTCHEH
- IRELAND- UILLEANN PIPING
- ITALY- ART OF NEAPOLITAN ‘PIZZAIUOLO’
- KYRGYZSTAN- KOK BORU
- MALAWI- NSIMA
- This inscription is the third in recent two years following the inscriptions of ‘NOUROZ’ and ‘YOGA’.
- The cultural heritage encompasses traditions and living expressions more than just tangible places, monuments, and objects and this inscription is a proud moment for India.