INDIA WINS ICJ SEAT
- India’s candidate Dalveer Bhandari was re-elected to the International Court of Justice after Britain withdrew its candidate, Christopher Greenwood from the bruising competition, faced with dim prospects of winning.
- This will be the first time in ICJ’s 71 years of history, that the U.K will not be represented in the world court.
- The Indian candidate received 183 of the 193 votes in the GA and secured all the 15 votes in the Security Council.
- Dalveer Bhandari is the fourth Indian Judge to be elected to the ICJ after B.N.Rau, Nagendra Singh and R.S.Pathak.
WHAT IS THE ICJ
- The ICJ started working in 1946 with jurisdiction to settle disputes between countries and examine cases pertaining to violation of Human Rights.
- The ICJ has its seat at Hague, The Netherlands.
HOW THE JUDGES ARE ELECTED
- The ICJ has a bench of total 15 judges who are elected to nine-year terms of office
- Five judges are elected after three years to ensure continuity and judges are also eligible for re-election.
- They are elected by the members of the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.
- The polling takes place simultaneously but independent of each other.
- The candidate must have an absolute majority in both bodies in order to be elected.
- Sometimes, it results in much lobbying and a number of rounds of voting.
OTHER KEY POSITIONS IN THE UN
- Lakshmi Puri- Secretary-general for Intergovernmental Support and Strategic Partnerships.
- Atul Khare- Under-Secretary-General for Field Support.
- It is for the first time that no candidate from a permanent member of the UNSC (P-5) i.e. China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States has found a seat at the ICJ.
- The scale of victory shows that India had support cutting across geographical regions.
- The will of the General Assembly prevailed over that of Security Council.
- This win at the ICJ was crucial for India to gauge the support it enjoys in the world body where New Delhi has been campaigning for reforms, including a permanent seat for itself in the powerful Security Council.