Chanakya IAS Academy Blog


Social infrastructure & Employment Generation

Unemployment is indirectly proportional to job creation India, despite having the largest workforce continues to register large-scale unemployment and jobless growth.


  • Less stock of capital compared to the rising workforce.
  • Capital-intensive industries on the rise, due to unskilled manual labor and rigorous labor laws.
  • Inequitable distribution of land, giving less scope for more production in agriculture.
  • Inverted duty structure in manufacturing has made domestic goods expensive and Less competitive.
  • Underutilization of surplus labor in agriculture and improper developmental strategy.

Following steps could be taken to address this problem:

  • Special packages must be provided to labour-intensive sectors.Eg: Special package provided to apparel and garment by Ministry of textiles.
  • Public expenditure on education, health, police and judiciary must be stepped up.
  • Infrastructural development and support like roads, power, irrigation etc. must be done to create more jobs and attract investment.
  • More jobs must be created and allowed to women to leverage their potential skill for production and management.

Way forward: It took us to cross 11 five-year plans, to end up with National Manufacturing policy in the 12th five-year plan. With various policies and schemes like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, National urban livelihoods mission, a new ministry for Skill development and entrepreneurship and increase in ITIs, India has started to progress in the right direction.

Read 662 times Last modified on Saturday, 14 October 2017 15:58

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