India–China relations: competing for geopolitical ideas and interests
India and China have relations of all kinds in the past from learning to coexist after a period of colonial rule, groping in new framework in a common neighborhood, colliding at their common frontiers, engaging in ideological competitions, and competing for a stronger economic and strategic position globally, makes it very hard to categories Sino Indian relationship into a specific nature as it had competition, cooperation, conflict all at some points indicating a contradicting nature of their relationship.
Some Instances evident of Contradictory nature of their relationship affected by geopolitical interests and ideas are:
- formation of basic framework in 1988 Deng Xiaoping-Rajiv Gandhi summit, with a 3 point formula standing for the resolution of border dispute to maintain peace and tranquillity without hindering the development of bilateral relations in various fields.
- Recent Delhi's more aggressive approach seeks and holds Beijing to account for issues such as Chinese position of India's membership in various multilateral organizations, Pakistan's cross-border terrorism etc.,
- Recent Doklam crisis.
- Presence of India and China in a few common multilateral organizations, such as SCO, BRICS, evident of material and ideological convergence of both sides.
- Growing bilateral economic interdependence, sufficient enough to constrain both sides from taking a hard stance against each other, unlike the situation in 1962, Sino -Indian war. In the recent past, the Sino-Indian relationship has seen all contradictions like India's opposition to China's Belt and road initiative, India's entry into SCO, Doklam crisis, multilateral cooperation in BRICS, Infusion of more Chinese investments into the Indian economy as a result of Geopolitical Interests and ideas of both sides.
As we can see there are many differences and conflict of interest between two nation but the events like Astana consensus, recent BRICS declaration naming JeM and LeT as a terrorist organization and the peaceful resolution of the Doklam issue points towards the efficacy of the confidence-building measures. At the end of the day, two nations have to build trust on each other and work for mutual cooperation in their development process