Chanakya IAS Academy Blog


WHO revises antibiotics protocol

antibiotics protocol

The revision of antibiotics classes by World Health Organisation (WHO) is a welcome step and will provide a boost to the global initiative to prevent drug resistance.

What is drug or antimicrobial resistance:

  • It is the phenomena due to which microbes(bacteria) become resistant even to the most potent antibiotic
  • A study conducted in hospitals by the Indian council of medical research revealed that around 50% of the patients were resistant to antibiotics
  • A large number of infants died due to infections as they did not respond to treatments

What leads to antimicrobial resistance:

  • Over prescription of antibiotics which is guided by,
    • Patient demand
    • Competing alternative treatment systems
    • Financial incentives
  • Environmental factors, which include the widespread use of antibiotics on farm animals

WHO recommends a graded approach to the use of antibiotics:

  • Under this approach some medicines will be reserved for the most resistant microbes
  • As a first choice, an access group of antibiotics will be made available at all times
  • As a second choice, drugs will be placed in the watch category
  • As a last resort there will be a reserve option

Steps that are essential and should supplement these measures:

  • Universal access to essential medicines
  • Speedy and accurate diagnosis to ensure correct treatment at an early stage
  • Spread of sanitation and hygiene education, to prevent spread of disease causing organisms
  • Overcoming existing asymmetries in the delivery of healthcare across rural-urban and poor-affluent patients
  • Adhering to the prescribed dose is very significant
Read 758 times Last modified on Monday, 03 July 2017 15:29

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