Chanakya IAS Academy Blog

Notice

India to join SCO in Astana

India will accede to full membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) when Prime Minister Narendra Modi attends the summit-level meeting in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan.

External affairs ministry said the fight for terrorism was incumbent on all and India is willing to join hands with China and Pakistan to combat terrorism.

Significance of the statement:

  • India which is about to become a full member knows the obligations and functions that are associated with a full member
  • India has also participated with many countries that include Pakistan in UN peacekeeping operations

What full membership of SCO will imply:

  • It will require India to coordinate both at the trade front in the SCO headquarters in Beijing
  • Also coordinate on the security front at the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) that is based in Tashkent
  • Under the SCO framework an annual counterterror exercise is hosted by a member country India will be invited to participate in such counter terror exercises
  • It could serve as an institutional forum for India to cooperate with the neighbours of Afghanistan, which can help establish peace and stability in the region

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO):

  • It is a Eurasian political, economic and military organization which was founded in 2001
  • It functions on broadly two parameters,
    • The first being trade, banking , connectivity and energy
    • Second, the fight against terrorism under RATS which includes joint exercises, maintaining a data bank of terrorists and coordination in similar areas
  • Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS), which is headquartered in Tashkent and is aimed at promoting cooperation against terrorism, separatism and extremism
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