India successfully fires heaviest launch vehicle
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched its heaviest launch vehicle, GSLV MkIII and the launch placed the country’s heaviest satellite till date, GSAT-19 into a precise orbit.
The satellite was placed into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) initially and will be placed in the final orbit in two to three weeks.
What India is set to achieve from this launch:
- The successful launch made India part of a select group of nations that possess their own indigenous cryogenic engine technology.
- It also enhanced our ability and we can now successfully launch 4 ton satellites from India which were earlier launched from foreign soil
- The launch will enhance customer confidence and open business opportunities for ISRO
Features of GSAT-19:
- The satellite weighs 3,136 kg
- It is a communication satellite that will enhance India’s communication infrastructure and carries Ku-band communication transponders
- A Geostationary Radiation Spectrometer (GRASP) payload is also onboard which will help monitor the influence of space radiation on satellites and their electronic components
Significance of an Indigenous cryogenic engine:
- The indigenous cryogenic engines that were used earlier are based on Russian design
- The engine used for this particular launch has no component that is borrowed or adapted from any other space organization
- More than 199 tests were conducted since December 2014 to make all necessary modifications and to eliminated any possible issues that might hamper a successful launch