- The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is envisaged as a single entrance examination for MBBS, BDS and post graduate (MS/MD) courses throughout the country
- Applicable for both government and private medical colleges
- NEET-UG replaced the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual MBBS exams conducted by states or colleges themselves.
- NEET was initially proposed from 2012 onwards. It got deferred by a year. Later, the Supreme Court of India quashed the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for admissions into all medical and dental colleges on 18 July 2013. The apex court ruled that the Medical Council of India cannot conduct a unified examination.
- However, it was restored on April 11 2016, after a five-judge Constitution bench recalled the earlier verdict and allowed the Central Government and the Medical Council of India (MCI) to implement the common entrance test till the court decides afresh on its validity.
Advantages of a single entrance examination
- Common, uniform platform for medical entrance for all undergraduate medical, dental and postgraduate courses throughout the country
- No difference in syllabus across India. Hence, all MBBS graduates will have a uniform syllabus.
- Checks the corruption associated with donations and kickbacks for medical college seats .
- Convenience for students: A student can appear for a single exam and apply across India with same score
- Facilitates student mobility across regions
- However, a number of Indian states such as Andhra Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana and Tamil Nadu opposed the same
Grounds of opposition
- Education is a subject in state list
- Would denude the power of states to regulate admissions to institutions run by them as well as private institutions under their jurisdiction.
- The syllabus in states’ examination is quite different from syllabus proposed by Medical Council of India(MCI) for NEET
- Students in Tamil Nadu who seek admission to MBBS course are admitted on the basis of their 12th standard final examination marks. A similar criterion is followed in Kerala as well. These States believe that there’s a huge difference, in terms of content, in the State and Central Board’s syllabus.
- States believe that it would adversely affect the interests of students particularly from weaker sections and rural areas
SUPREME COURT DECISION
- SC heard a petition from MCI. Supreme Court suddenly decided that the NEET should be the sole basis for medical and dental college admissions from this year onwards.
- the apex court gave a green signal to a single common medical entrance test just before two days of the All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Test (AIPMT), which is currently considered as NEET Phase 1.
- For the academic year 2016-17, the SC agreed on holding the NEET in two phases. For the students who did not appear in the first phase of examination, AIPMT examination will be considered as NEET 1 and NEET 2.
- Also, private colleges would not be allowed to conduct separate exams for medical admissions
- As per the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test ordinance, all postgraduate (PG) admissions will be done through NEET this year. However, for undergraduate (UG) courses, an exemption has been made for ‘State quota’ seats in government medical colleges and private institutions for this academic session.
- States now have the option of either conducting their own exam or be part of the NEET to fill 85% of the Under Graduate (UG) medical and dental seats. 15% of the remaining seats will be filled through NEET route by all India counselling.
- Clearly the Examination is currently titled towards CBSE/NCERT syllabus. This might be a problem for students from State boards and rural areas.
- Hence, a common syllabus must first be arrived at and enforced before moving into a common examination
- The idea of a common medical entrance examination is correct in intent
- However, blind imposition without preparing the grounds with a common syllabus and making sudden changes in examinations determining career path for students is indeed incorrect.
- it is executive decision and must not be brought about by judicial orders. The executive must be allowed to prepare a common ground for NEET and iron out all the implementation issues.
- Education is a state subject. Hence, states need to be brought on board by addressing their apprehensions regarding regional disparities in syllabus and linguistic diversities.