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Home-grown vaccine latest shot at checking leprosy numbers

Home-grown vaccine latest shot at checking leprosy numbers

Recently, a Made in India leprosy vaccine was launched for pilot programme in Gujarat and in Bihar. It is the first such vaccine in the world. It is named as Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP) vaccine and was developed at National Institute of Immunology (NII)

Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP)

  • It is named after Dr Pran Talwar, who discovered it.
  • MIP is a non-pathogenic bacterium, which acts by enhancing body’s immunity
  • Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation, and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved it for leprosy
  • On the other hand, it is also being tried as a vaccine against bladder cancer, warts, lung cancer and TB
  • It will be introduced into the National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP)

National Leprosy Elimination Programme (NLEP)

  • The National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) is a Centrally Sponsored Health Scheme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  • The Union government formulates the strategies and plans under NLEP while the implementation of the programme is undertaken by the States/UTs
  • The Programme is also supported by the World Health Organization, The International Federation of Anti-Leprosy Associations (ILEP) and few other Non-Govt. Organizations as partners

Current status of leprosy cases in India

  • Leprosy is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae
  • It affects the skin, nervous system, respiratory tract and eyes leading to disfigurement and disability
  • The number of leprosy cases went up between 2014 and 2015
  • The Annual New Case Detection Rate (ANCDR) is 9.71 per 1,00,000 population
  • Till date 34 states/ UTs have achieved the level of elimination
  • Chhattisgarh and Dadra & Nagar Haveli are yet to achieve elimination

Recent steps against leprosy

  • Leprosy case detection campaigns (LCDC), similar to pulse polio campaign, was launched in the endemic districts under NLEP
  • About 31,000 cases have already been confirmed under this program

What are Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)

  • These are a diverse group of communicable diseases
  • Prevail in the tropical and subtropical conditions and affect more than one billion people worldwide
  • Section of the population that live in poverty, without adequate sanitation and in close contact with infectious vectors and livestock are affected the most
  • To effectively control NTDs several public health approaches should be combined
  • Examples include, Dengue, chikungunya, Leprosy, filariasis etc.
Read 444 times Last modified on Tuesday, 09 May 2017 12:06

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