No change in India’s stance on UNSC veto
India is ready to accept a permanent seat at the United Nations (UN) Security Council without being entitled to the veto power. It has agreed to accept this flexibility for the first 15 years, as confirmed by the Ministry of External Affairs.
India’s ambassador to the UN addressed the Inter-Governmental Negotiation at the UN General Assembly on behalf of Brazil, Germany, India and Japan (G-4).
In his submission made at the UN General Assembly, ambassador Syed Akbaruddin had said that India and other G-4 countries were ready to accept a moratorium on the issue of veto.
This essentially means that while the new permanent members would have the same responsibilities as the existing members but they cannot exercise the power of veto till a decision is made on the matter. The decision would be taken during a review process which is expected to take place after 15 years.
The statement should not be seen as a change in government’s stand on securing veto power at the United Nations Security Council. As, India does not want to impede the process of UNSC reforms on the issue of veto for new permanent members.
- Comprises Brazil, Germany, India and Japan which support each other’s bids for permanent seats at the UNSC
- The emerging world order has enhanced the role of these countries at the global level and has made reforms at the UNSC essential
- These countries have taken a stand that the imbalance at the UNSC cannot be corrected by just adding non-permanent members, as the UN reforms should encompass both permanent as well as non-permanent members
- However, they are opposed by countries who favour a different approach towards reforming the UN security council
Reforms are needed:
- To make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent and thus to further enhance its effectiveness, legitimacy and implementation of its decisions
- The imbalance of influence within the Security Council between the permanent and non-permanent members
- Thus, expansion in both the categories is essential to achieve an equilibrium that reflects current global realities.
- Expanding only the category of non-permanent members will widen the difference even further
India is hopeful that the Chairpersons of the Inter-Governmental Negotiations will now put out a text to records every country’s views and take the reforms at the next level.