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India launches program to fulfill its commitment under the Montreal protocol

Chanakya IAS Academy

To eliminate the use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons(HCFC) as part of its commitment under the Montreal protocol, India has launched the second phase of the program. The program is aimed towards removing chemicals that result in ozone depletion and contribute towards global warming.

Use of chemical that lead to ozone depletion and global warming:

  • They are mainly used in air-conditioning, refrigeration, cold chain sector and polyurethane foam manufacturing.
  • All these sectors have witnessed high growth in recent times specially in emerging economies
  • This is mostly because of the high rate of urbanization and higher agricultural productivity in these economies
  • Data compiled by the European union shows that in the developing world the highest use of these chemicals are seen in split ACs, car ACs and commercial refrigeration

Proposals of the Ministry of Environment:

  • Prescribe energy efficient temperature limits for air-conditioning units in public facilities
  • Poor infrastructure and lack of understanding of efficiency metrics results in wastage of energy

Measures to achieve the desired objective:

  • Modernizing the technology that is used by large number of small and medium enterprises by 2030 means, measures should be supplemented by supportive policy changes that encourage adoption by consumers
  • State governments should enact new building codes and regulations to achieve what is envisaged in the current phase
  • Spread awareness about new refrigerants with lower global warming potential
  • Enhanced research on chemicals with lower global warming potential
  • Service technicians should be trained in new technologies. This will help change refrigerants that are used in the repair and replacement market and generate additional employment
  • Make consumers aware about the available products • Incentivize adoption through tax benefits
  • Audit of buildings to determine whether they are designed as per the prescribed standards

The success of the Montreal protocol to eliminate HCFCs by 2030 will depend on reducing the adoption cost of cleaner technologies. The enhanced affordability of solar power and its increased adoption is an example.

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