Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, launched the Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme, with a focus on holistic development of heritage cities. The scheme aims to preserve and revitalize soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment.
HRIDAY strategizes its efforts like planning, development, implementation and management for ensuring the sustainable growth of selected heritage cities in partnership with State Governments. It offers a paradigm shift in India’s approach to city development, bringing together urban planning/economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive and integrated manner with special attention on livelihoods, skills, cleanliness, security, accessibility and service delivery. The scheme will work through a partnership of Government (Central/State/Local), private sector, academic institutions and local community, combining affordable technologies.
Identified cities/towns will be required to prepare Heritage Management Plan (HMP) for the city/town and develop and execute Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for identified projects (after consultation with all stakeholders) for availing assistance under the scheme, through either empaneled agencies, state para-states, Public Sector Undertakings, Special purpose vehicles et al.
HRIDAY is a central sector scheme, where 100% funding will be provided by Government of India. The duration of this scheme is four years i.e. from December 2014 to March 2018. The scheme would be implemented in a mission mode.
The scheme will broadly focus on four theme areas for reviving and revitalizing the soul of Heritage City:
- Physical Infrastructure
- Institutional Infrastructure
- Economic Infrastructure
- Social Infrastructure
“Preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment. To undertake strategic and planned development of heritage cities aiming at improvement in overall quality of life with specific focus on sanitation, security, tourism, heritage revitalization and livelihoods retaining the city’s cultural identity.”
The main objective of HRIDAY is to preserve character of the soul of heritage city and facilitate inclusive heritage linked urban development by exploring various avenues including involving private sector. Specific objectives are:
- Planning, development and implementation of heritage sensitive infrastructure.
- Service delivery and infrastructure provisioning in historic city core areas.
- Preserve and revitalize heritage wherein tourists can connect directly with city’s unique character.
- Develop and document a heritage asset inventory of cities – natural, cultural, living and built heritage as a basis for urban planning, growth and service provision & delivery.
- Implementation and enhancement of basic services delivery with focus on sanitation services like public conveniences, toilets, water taps, street lights with use of latest technologies in improving tourist facilities/amenities.
- Local capacity enhancement for inclusive heritage-based industry.
- Create effective linkages between tourism and cultural facilities and also the conservation of natural and built heritage.
- Urban heritage adaptive rehabilitation and maintenance, including appropriate technologies for historic buildings retrofitting.
- Establish and manage effective public private partnership for adaptive urban rehabilitation.
- Development and promotion of core tangible economic activities to enhance avenues of livelihoods amongst stakeholders. This would also include necessary skill development amongst them including making public spaces accessible and developing cultural spaces.
- Making cities informative with use of modern ICT tools and making cities secure with modern surveillance and security apparatus like CCTV etc.
- Increase accessibility i.e. physical access (roads as well as universal design) and intellectual access (i.e. digital heritage and GIS mapping of historical locations/ tourist maps and routes).
Twelve cities have been selected under the scheme in the first phase, namely;
- Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh)
- Gaya (Bihar)
- Dwarka (Gujarat)
- Puri (Odisha)
- Amritsar (Punjab)
- Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu)
- Vellankani (Tamil Nadu)
- Warangal (Telangana)
- Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
- Mathura (Uttar Pradesh).
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK AND GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE:
The Scheme is structured for planning and implementation through the following institutional structures:
NATIONAL HRIDAY EMPOWERED COMMITTEE (NHEC)
- HNEC provides overall sanction, approval, guidance and advice to the Scheme. Following are its broad roles and responsibilities:
- Approve all operations and fund release, review and monitor the overall performance of the scheme.
- Approve establishment of City Level Committees and agencies such as CLAMC, HRIDAY City Anchors and City Mission Directorate
- Ensure that there is no duplication in the sanctioning of project/ works/activities/ under HRIDAY and those eligible/sanctioned under other schemes of GOI
- Recommend mid-course correction in the implementation tools as & when required.