Chanakya IAS Academy Blog


Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana: An Attempt to Bring About Radical Changes in the Lives of Tribal People

About Scheme

Both Central and State Governments have been taking various initiatives to ensure socio-economic upliftment of the tribal population of the country and have been launching scores of schemes and programmes to bolster them. These efforts have brought about noticeable improvements and changes in the lives of tribal people in terms of various indices relating to health, literacy, livelihood etc. However, still a considerable gap in human development indices between Scheduled Tribes and other Social groups exists. Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana (VKY) has been launched by The Government of India, Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the welfare of tribal population. VKY intends to create an enabling environment for outcome oriented and need based holistic development of the tribal people. This process aims to ensure that all the intended benefits of goods and services under various schemes/programmes of State as well as Central Governments actually reach the target groups by convergence of resources through appropriate institutional mechanism.

It covers all tribal people and the areas with tribal population across the country.


  • Bridging infrastructure gaps with focus on quality
  • Improving the quality of life in tribal areas
  • Qualitative and sustainable employment for tribal families
  • Improving the quality of education
  • Protection of tribal culture and heritage

Components of Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana

  • Safe Drinking Water for all at doorsteps
  • Qualitative & Sustainable Employment
  • Accelerated Economic Development of tribal areas
  • Health for all
  • Quality Education & Higher Education
  • Housing for all
  • Urban development
  • All Weather roads with connectivity to nearby towns/cities
  • Universal Availability of Electricity
  • Promotion of Sports in tribal areas
  • Promotion and conservation of Tribal Cultural Heritage
  • Irrigation facilities suited to the terrain
  • Robust institutional mechanism. (ITDAs/ITDPs)


  • Convergence of scattered resources and activities being undertaken under various components
  • Empowerment of institutions meant for delivery of goods and services with adequate technical, administrative and financial powers such as Tribal Development Agency ( ITDA) , Tribal Welfare Departments as nodal Department, Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDPs) and creation of new ones where they so not exist.


They would be consistent with state specific interventions and the broad objectives based on the socio-economic indicators. For instance, a State with high literacy would focus on higher education and quality education to begin with, and ones with low literacy would centre upon 100% enrolment etc.

Action Taken by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs

  • A national level brain- storming session was held on 13th December 2014 with experts, institutions, retired and serving civil servants to prepare national priorities and way forward.
  • Livelihoods like horticulture, dairy development, have been given focus, and skills for teaching, hospitality, computer training, para-medics, eco-tourism, etc. have been advocated to address issue of employability and the overcome shortage of these personnel in tribal areas.
  • Tribe wise literacy and other socio-economic indicators used as a tool for approval of projects.
  • All the schemes of the Ministry have been brought in conformity with the VKY approach for tribal development.
  • Language and cultural context are given due importance in design and implementation of programmes in education, socio-economic development and health. For instance, holidays in conformity with tribal festival, inclusion of tribal art and craft in scholarship etc.
  • Held few rounds of consultations with the State and Central Government Ministries/Department on convergence of TSP resources for the desired outcomes
  • A Project Appraisal Committee (PAC), headed by Secretary, MoTA with representative of the State, Internal Finance Division of the Ministry amongst other constituted which appraised and approved the projects of the State with the due convergence of TSP programmes.
  • TRIs have been entrusted with the task of independent monitoring amongst other things.
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