The article discuss about the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan of government to turn India into a 100% electric vehicle nation.
- The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP) is one of the most important and ambitious initiatives of the government to bring about transformational change in the automotive and transport landscape in the country.
- It has envisaged a comprehensive scheme, covering all aspects of electric mobility.
- Incentive to facilitate acquisition of hybrid or electric vehicles;
- Promoting R&D in areas of battery technology, battery management, system integration, power electronics and motors, etc;
- Power and charging infrastructure;
- Supply-side management;
- Encouragement of retrofitting of old vehicles with hybrid kits.
- The NEMMP had envisaged 6-7 million units by 2020 to take a leadership position in the world and also contributing towards national fuel security.
- The government has now planned a big thrust for the sector and aims to turn India into a 100% electric vehicle nation by 2030.
- The Indian automotive industry has made tremendous progress in the last decade and has emerged as the sixth-largest automobile manufacturer in the world.
- Considering the increase of middle-class population, urbanisation and inadequate public infrastructure, vehicular penetration is going to increase further.
- It is worthwhile to note that vehicular penetration is not only much less than in developed countries, but also lesser than developing countries like China, Malaysia, Brazil and South Africa.
- Therefore, it is a gigantic task to have 100% electric mobility by 2030.
- The establishment of power and charging infrastructure and its management is key for the success of electric vehicles.
- The adoption of such vehicles is closely linked to the development and availability of required charging infrastructure at the doorstep and at affordable prices.
- Large-scale introduction of vehicles fuelled by electricity—either pure electric or hybrid—implies that private and public charging stations will have to be integrated into the existing low and medium voltage electricity network.
- This calls for cooperation amongst various stakeholders—both regulated and non-regulated.
- The electric mobility initiative and renewable energy sources need to be developed in an integrated manner to have a cleaner environment, quality of power supply, and efficient transmission and distribution facilities.
- The batteries of electric vehicles can be used to store energy and act when required for balancing the variability of renewable energy resources.
- This would be possible when electric mobility becomes an integral part of the smart grid development.
- This kind of operation requires very strong and robust ICT which involves large-scale investment.
- There are a large number of players in electric mobility services and their roles need to be defined for smooth implementation of this initiative.
- We have to finalise the best model for our country to bring competitiveness, new technology, large-scale investment, speedier implementation and economy in the sector.
- Market participants need to be provided with proper regulations, initial subsidy and enough time to prepare and establish their business plan.
The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP) is one of the most important and ambitious initiatives of the government to bring about transformational change in the automotive and transport landscape in the country. Elaborate.
- Features of the NEMMP.
- How it will benefit the society.
- Limitations which needs to be overcome.