Chanakya IAS Academy Blog


The article talks about the change of guard in Nepal and the challenges in front of the newly elected government.

  • Nepal has witnessed another change in its top leadership. Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’, president of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has returned as prime minister of Nepal after seven years, in alliance with the Nepali Congress.

  • Prachanda’s election comes after the resignation of K.P. Oli, leader of the CPN (UML) as prime minister in the face of an impending no-confidence motion in parliament where he had ceased to command a majority.

  • Election of new P.M. could be seen as part of the process of political adjustment in an era of unstable coalitions. But the circumstances leading to it and the challenges ahead, both for his party and for the state of Nepal, are significant.

  • Faulty policies of previous government:

  • K.P. Oli had led a government that sought to divide and not unite the nation. In the debate on the no-confidence motion against his government, senior members of his own party had expressed dismay at his methods and manner of functioning.

  • Oil had decided that the future lay with hill-based castes and classes and treated Madhesi aspirations with open disdain.

  • His reaching out to China in the pursuit of Nepali national interests cannot be faulted, but his palpable stoking of anti-Indian sentiments may not have been in Nepal’s interests.


  • The challenges for new government:

      • New government will try to provide effective relief to Madhesi aspirations and bringing relations with India on an even keel.

      • But, the former will be difficult as the issue of demarcation of state boundaries, which is at the core of Madhesi demands, will not be possible without constitutional amendments, and this, in turn, cannot be effected in the present parliament without the support of Oli’s UML. At the least, there would need to be engagement with the Madhesis and movement wherever possible.

      • In the aftermath of earthquake which affected lives of millions the task will be to display good governance and bring the change in lives of affected people.

      • The world had responded generously after Nepal’s devastating earthquake of April 2015. But successive governments remained too preoccupied with the politics of Kathmandu to be able to utilise even a fraction of the aid offered. This should engage the attention of the new prime minister.

      • The new government would need to capitalise and build on Oli’s openings to China for the benefit of Nepal, without needlessly aggravating India.


Xi Jinping’s proposed visit to Nepal in October should be indicative of how seriously the Chinese wish to pursue the proposals mooted during the visit of previous Nepal’s P.M., which appeared at the time to reflect a Nepali wish list.

  • For Prachanda, finding a new relevance for his party and himself in the post constitution and pre-election scenario would be the greatest challenge.


Frequent changes in the post of Prime Minister in Nepal could be seen as the part of the process of political adjustment in era of coalition politics. But the need of the hour is to focus on the development and economic prosperity. Comment.

Suggested Points:

  1. Political parties indulging in divisive politics to remain in power.

  2. Using issues such as of Madhesis and Indian hegemony to increase vote bank.

  3. Need to focus on development and economic prosperity.


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