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The article lists the steps taken by the government to control pollution in the country.

  • Comprehensive revision of Waste Management Rules for solid waste, plastic waste, biomedical waste, hazardous waste and electronic waste, and notification of construction and demolition waste management Rules during March–April, 2016.
  • These Rules emphasizes waste minimization, source segregation, resource recovery for recycling and reuse, extended producer responsibility, involvement of waste pickers and self help group, enhanced scope for waste reuse / recycle in different application like usage in road, waste to energy, waste to oil etc, stringent standards for pollutants from waste treatment and disposal facility, fine for littering of waste etc, so as to ensure environmentally sound management of waste and minimise adverse impact on the environment.

The Government has taken a series of steps to address issues related to water pollution, air pollution, industrial pollution, improper waste disposal etc. The major steps being taken by the Government to control pollution inter alia include the following:-

  • Notification of National Ambient Air Quality Standards;
  • Formulation of environmental regulations / statutes;
  • Setting up of monitoring network for assessment of ambient air quality;
  • Introduction of cleaner / alternative fuels like gaseous fuel (CNG, LPG etc.), ethanol blend etc.;
  • Promotion of cleaner production processes;
  • Launching of National Air Quality index by the Prime Minister in April, 2015;
  • Implementation of Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) norms in 63 selected cities and universalization of BS-IV by 2017;
  • Decision taken to leapfrog directly from BS-IV to BS-VI fuel standards by 1st April, 2020;
  • Taxing polluting vehicles and incentivizing hybrid and electric vehicles;
  • Ban on burning of leaves, biomass, municipal solid waste;
  • Promotion of public transport network of metro, buses, e-rickshaws and promotion of car pooling, Pollution Under Control, lane discipline, vehicle maintenance;
  • Revision of existing environmental standards and formulation of new standards for prevention and control of pollution from industries;
  • Regular co-ordination meetings at official and ministerial level with Delhi and other State Governments within the NCR;
  • Issuance of directions under Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and under Section 18(1)(b) of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
  • Installation of on-line continuous (24×7) monitoring devices by major industries;
  • Preparation of action plan for sewage management and restoration of water quality in aquatic resources by State Governments;
  • Implementation of National River Conservation Plan for abatement of pollution in identified stretches of various rivers and undertaking conservation activities including education and awareness creation, community participation, electric/improved wood crematoria and river front development;
  • Implementation of schemes for setting up of Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP), promotion of waste minimization strategies, Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management, setting up of Treatment and Disposal Facilities for hazardous and biomedical waste, setting up of Sewage Treatment Plants etc.
  • Re-categorisation of industries based on the pollution potential;


One of the biggest problem that has come up due to unplanned urbanisation in India is of uncontrolled level of pollution, be it water pollution, air pollution, industrial pollution, improper waste disposal etc. Examine the steps taken by the government to tackle this growing menace.

Suggested Approach:

  • Steps taken by the government.
  • Examination of these steps.
  • Suggestions.

Source: Pib


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