Chanakya IAS Academy Blog



India’s man-made forest in Kottayam district, ‘Mango Meadows’ has entered in the URF World Records and the Limca Book of Records for developing the maximum number of agriculture and horticulture species in a minimum area of 30 acres.


LIMCA Book of Records:

  • The certificate issued by the Limca Book of Records notes the forest has 4,800 species of plants, 700 trees, 900 flowering plants, with saplings and seeds collected from 15 countries.
  • Diverse agriculture and horticulture species have been showcased, including commercial crops like oilseeds, as well as stimulants and aromatic medicinal plants.
  • Even species such as cardamom, usually found at higher altitudes, are grown in the forest.

URF World Records:

  • The Universal Record Forum (URF) Records certificate, on the other hand, states that the park has more than 1,950 species of medicinal plants.


  • The mango meadows agricultural pleasure land is located at Ayamkudy, Kaduthuruthi PO, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
  • Mango meadows, spread across 30 acres of land, with more than 4500 species of plants and trees, is the world’s 1st Agricultural theme park.
  • It is one of the most biodiverse pieces of land on the planet. Besides its biodiversity, the park houses around 50 cottages for tourists.
  • The cottages and accommodations erected within the park are carefully constructed and placed without disturbing the soft fabric of the environment.
  • Owned by: Mango Meadows is the brainchild of N K Kurian, an entrepreneur who considers agriculture and trees a crucial part of his life. He set up this park and built it to the present stage by a fourteen-year-long effort.

Items for the box:

  • It is the first agricultural theme park in the world and one of the most biodiverse places on earth.
  • 100% of organic farms. Over 300 varieties of fruits and vegetables are cultivated on the farm.
  • With more than 4500 species of plants, 1900 species of medicinal plants
  • 700 species of forest trees, 700 species of flowering plants & 650 species of climbers
  • All major domestic animals and birds in India can be found here.


  • The agricultural theme park is generally a park with agriculture themes, they are made within an agricultural area or adjacent to an agricultural area to give supplementary income and to add value to farm products.
  • Agricultural theme parks are appearing in places such as in Maine, Michigan, and the Philippines.


Geographical area:

  • India is one of the mega-diverse countries, rich in biodiversity.
  • The country has 23.39 percent of its geographical area under tree and forest cover.

Species coverage:

  • With just 2.4 percent of the land area, India accounts for nearly 7 percent of the recorded species even while supporting almost 18 percent of the human population.
  • In terms of species richness, India ranks ninth in birds, 7th in mammals and fifth in reptiles.
  • In terms of endemism of vertebrate groups, India’s position is 5th in reptiles with 156 species, 7th in amphibians with 110 species, 10th in birds with 69 species,


  • India’s share of crops is 44 percent as compared to the world average (11%).

India represents two ‘Realms’:

  • A realm can be defined as a continent or sub-continent sized area with unifying features of geography and fauna & flora.
  • They refer to the large spatial regions within which ecosystems share a broadly similar biota. The Indian region is composed of two realms:
    • the Himalayan region represented by Palearctic Realm
    • the rest of the sub-continent represented by Malayan Realm
  • In world 8 terrestrial biogeographic realms are typically recognized, that are Oceania Realm, Palaearctic Realm, Nearctic Realm, Afrotropical Realm, Indomalayan Realm, Antarctic Realm, Australian Realm, and Neotropical Realm

India represents five Biomes:

  • Biomes are the main groups of plants and animals which live in areas of certain climate patterns; it includes the way in which animals, vegetation and soil interact together.
  • In India, there are 5 biomes:
    • Alpine Meadows
    • Coniferous forests
    • Tropical Dry or Deciduous Forests
    • Tropical Humid Forests
    • Warm deserts and semi-deserts

India represents 10 Bio-geographic zones:

  • Semi-arid (15.6 percent of the country’s landmass): The semi-arid zone includes the region between the desert and the Deccan plateau, including the Aravalli hill range.
  • Gangetic plain (11% of the country’s landmass): Defined by the Ganges river system, these plains are relatively homogenous.
  • The Himalayas, (7.2 percent of the country’s landmass): The entire mountain chain running from north-western to northeastern India, comprising a diverse range of biotic provinces and biomes.
  • Desert (6.9 percent of India’s landmass): The extremely arid area west of the Aravalli hill range, comprising both the salty desert of Gujarat and the sand desert of Rajasthan.
  • Western Ghats (5.8% of the country’s landmass): The hill ranges and plains running along the western coastline, south of the Tapti river, covering an extremely diverse range of biotic provinces and biomes.
  • Trans-Himalayas (5.7 percent of India’s landmass): Trans Himalayas is an extension of the Tibetan plateau, harboring high-altitude cold desert in Ladakh (J&K) and Lahaul Spiti (H.P).
  • North-east India (5.2% of the country’s landmass): The plains and non-Himalayan hill ranges of northeastern India, with a wide variety of vegetation.
  • Deccan Peninsula (4.3 % of the country’s landmass): The largest of the zones, covering much of the southern and south-central plateau with predominantly deciduous vegetation.
  • Islands (0.03% of the country’s landmass): The Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal, with a highly diverse set of biomes.
  • Coasts (percent area being negligible): A large coastline distributed both to the west and east, with distinct differences between the two; Lakshadweep islands are included in this.


Limca Book of Records:

  • The Limca Book of Records is the Indian equivalent to the Guinness Book of World Records with emphasis on unique achievements of Indian citizens within the country and abroad.
  • The idea of this kind of book that strings together 'Indian' achievements originated in 1986 and it was launched with great fanfare in Mumbai in 1990.
  • The objective was to provide a platform for ordinary Indians to showcase their talent in their search for excellence.
  • The book’s 2019 edition is the 30th edition of the book.

Universal Records Forum (URF):

  • Founded in 2014, Universal Records Forum (URF) functions to encourage every record holder and give them the deserved platform to showcase their talent, stamina, endurance, and achievement in front of the world.


Over the past few years, our environment is getting worse at a point, where it’s beyond repair but there are few small steps that we can take to improve our relationship to the environment. Setting up of agricultural theme parks across each and every state of the country is the right step in the right direction. In India, each of its states has got its own varieties of flora and fauna which can be utilized for a better purpose. Through these measures, the whole of India, and the whole world itself will be benefited and the environment will be much cleaner and pure.

Read 375 times Last modified on Tuesday, 26 March 2019 14:12

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