Ministry of petroleum and natural gas launched Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aiming to encourage the use of clean fuel and curb the serious health hazards associated with cooking-based fossil fuels. Under this yojana free LPG connection is provided to women of BPL households. In rural India where wood, coal and other fossil fuels are widely used for cooking, PMUY brings a major change by thrusting the LPG connections.
- Providing BPL families with an LPG cylinder and thus reducing dependence on the use of fossil fuels for cooking. This was done to prevent health hazards of fossil fuel cooking. In India, about 5 lakh people die annually due to this.
- Reducing chronic illness due to indoor air pollution.
- Empowering women by making them the beneficiaries of the scheme.
- Creating employment, for rural area, in the supply chain of LPG cylinders.
- LPG connections have increased from 56% in 2014 to 80% in 2018.
- A successful peer learning platform, Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat has been set up to share the proper usage and benefits of clean fuel cooking in rural areas.
- Women have started investing the saved time, of cooking and cutting firewood, in productive works.
- The success of the deduplication method of using PMC portal.
- India is on the right path to achieve UN’s SDG-7.
- Improvement in the environment due to the decrease in deforestation and indoor air pollution.
- Supplies have ramped up in semi-urban and rural areas and services are improving.
- BPL families find it difficult to refill cylinders and they shift back to previous resources after the Cylinder gets finished.
- Patriarchal Mindset of Society restricts Men to think about benefits of the Scheme. They prefer to use earlier methods to save money for Connection/Cylinders etc.
- There is a considerable increase in Illegal and Black-Marketing of Cylinders by BPL families for Economic Benefits
- Inclusion and exclusion error: Benefits are being misused by well-off and needy are being left off.
- Funding issue: Give it up campaign funded it earlier, but now that campaign is also slowing down with increasing LPG cost.
- Distribution networks have not been good in many remote areas, thus making availability of cylinders, tough.
- Instead of increasing the number of connections to households, the government should see for the sustainable use of these connections in households.
- The government should provide subsidies for refilling and installation costs as poor households cannot afford that.
- The increase of distributors to rural areas also.
- Regular publishing of records according to SECC.
- Increase awareness among people about the advantages of using clean cooking fuel.