As per the United Nations report “UN Sustainable Developments Goals”, the number of people who do not have enough to eat has risen again after a decade.
MORE ON REPORT
- As per the report, the number of hungry people in the world has increased from 7.77 crores in 2015 to 8.15 crore in the year 2016.
- This is for the first time in more than a decade, that the number of people who are not getting enough to eat is trending upwards, and now there are approximately 38 million more hungry people in the world.
- The report highlights the need for political leadership, adequate resources and commitment to further expand on tools available for data collection, production, and dissemination, to ensure that all the nations have rigorous evidence and comprehensive data to guide programmes and efforts towards 2030.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO HUNGER
- The major factors contributing to increase hunger and force displacement are conflict and climate change.
- Conflict: As per the United Nations survey, conflict is the main reason for food insecurity in more than 20 countries.
- Around the world, social and political instability are rising. Since 2010, the state-based conflict has increased by 60%. More than half of the food-insecure people identified in the UN report live in countries with ongoing violence.
- Climate Change: At the same time, different regions are experiencing increasingly powerful storms, more frequent droughts and more variable rainfall associated with global climate change.
- People in countries with ongoing violence are more vulnerable to climate-related disasters, and crop or livestock failure due to climate can contribute to social unrest.
- Displaced: Globally the number of refugees and internally displaced persons doubled between 2007 and 2016. Out of the estimated number of people (64 million), who are currently displaced, more than 15 million are linked to one of the world’s most severe conflict-related food crisis in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Somalia.
OTHER FINDINGS OF THE REPORT
- More than 230 crore people still lack basic sanitation facilities, and over 89 crores continue to practice open defecation.
- The number of people suffering from malaria increased from 21 crores in 2013 to 21.6 crore in 2016.
- Nine out of 10 people living in cities breathe polluted air.
- Land degradation threatens the livelihoods of over one billion people
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDG)
- In 2015, the UN members countries adopted the SDGs, with the aim to end hunger entirely by 2030.
- The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
- 17 Goals: There are 17 goals: No poverty; zero hunger; good health and well-being; quality education; gender equality; clean water and sanitation; affordable and clean energy; decent work and economic growth; industry, innovation & infrastructure; reduced inequalities; sustainable cities and communities; responsible consumption and production; climate action, life below water; life on land; peace, justice and strong institution; partnership for the goals.
- The recent study provides a view of progress towards achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the world leaders nearly three years ago.
- With just 12 years left before the 2030 deadline, there is need to inject a sense of urgency.
- As the lead United Nation development agency, UNDP is uniquely placed to help implement the Goals through its work in around 170 countries and territories.
- United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) focuses on key areas including poverty alleviation, democratic governance and peacebuilding, climate change and disaster risk, and economic inequality.
- It provides support to governments to integrate the SDGs into their national development plans and policies
- The SDGs came into effect in January 2016, and they will continue to guide the UNDP policy and funding until 2030.
WHAT’S POSITIVE IN THE REPORTS
There is also some positive news in the report. It highlights positive progress in the proportion of people living below the poverty line, under-five mortality and access to electricity.
- Reduced poverty: The number of people living on less than two dollars a day has declined from 26.9% of the world’s population in 2000 to 9.2% in 2017. In the year 2016, the number of people living without electricity dropped below 100 crores.
- Declined mortality rate: The mortality rate for children under five years of age has dropped by almost 50% the least developed countries
- Child marriage continues to decline: The social evil of child marriage continues to decline around the world. A girl’s risk of being married off in childhood has dropped by 40% between 2000 and 2017.
Despite the progress, there are significant challenges remaining on the world’s progress towards SDGs. The report underscores particular challenges for the world’s most marginalized and disadvantaged groups.
HOW THE REPORT IS BENEFICIAL
- Reliable evidence: The report reflects challenges faced in the collection, processing, and analysis of timely and accessible disaggregated data, and calls for better evidence-based policymaking. This accurate evidence can confidently chart the path forward in realizing the SDGs.
- Effective policy formation: On the basis of data collected in the report, it is possible to formulate an effective policy to reduce the problems faced by the people.
With just 12 years left to the 2030 deadline, immediate and accelerated actions by the countries are urgently required along with collaborative partnerships among countries, governments, and stakeholders at all levels. A fast-changing climate, conflict, migration, persistent poverty and growing inequalities add additional challenges to the countries’ efforts to achieve the SDGs.The recent UN report in such a scenario is an early warning of the emerging crisis in the world which draws our focus on the urgent need of action to save the coming generations from the ill effects of our exploitative behavior towards nature. Thus, the world as a whole should stand together to make the Sustainable Development Goals a reality for everyone, everywhere.