Chanakya IAS Academy Blog

IAS Blog

IAS Blog

01 March 2017
What are the benefits of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act to women? Also examine issues involved in using the MTP Act.? The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP) 1971 was enacted with the intention of reducing incidents of illegal abortions and maternal mortality rate (MMR). It clearly lays down the provision of women who are qualified to undergo abortion and under what circumstances. In it's present form, it permits women to undergo an abortion only up to 20 weeks with the opinion of 2 doctors and up to 12 weeks with the opinion of only one doctor. The…
01 March 2017
Hyperloop one: India among highest potential regions Hyperloop one, the US based startup that plans to revolutionize the current modes of transportation, showcased its vision for India at an event in Delhi. The event was attended by Railway minister Suresh Prabhu and NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant. What is hyperloop: A proposed mode of freight and passenger transportation in which a pod like vehicle will be propelled through a near vacuum tube at airline speed for the price of a bus ticket. These pods essentially are autonomous which would enable high speed travel inside the tube. This will also ensure…
28 February 2017
Universal basic income The Basic income or The Universal Demogrant (UD) is a periodic cash payment unconditionally delivered to all residents on an individual basis, without means-test or work requirement. The persistence of poverty and significant leakages in welfare schemes that aim to alleviate it has prompted the idea of UBI. But how far is it justifiable to give charity to able bodied persons? Benefits- Potentially comprehensive antidote to poverty -minimum income security would enable individuals to plan their lives better and undertake more meaningful activities and also raise their bargaining power. Simpler & easier to administer-could replace 100 odd…
28 February 2017
The rare disease day is observed on the last day of February every year to raise awareness about the thousands of diseases which are not known to most people. It is primarily aimed at raising awareness among general public, policy makers and research professionals about these diseases. These are also known as orphan diseases. What is a rare disease: The definition of a rare disease varies from one country to another. In Europe, a disease is considered rare when it affects 1 in 2000 people, whereas in US a disease is considered rare when it affects more than two lakh…
27 February 2017
Bharat Stage-VI in 3 years From April 1, India will move towards Bharat Stage IV emission norms, which are already in place in several parts of the world. We have also decided to leapfrog straight to the BS-VI emission norms by April 2020. To accomplish this the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways had issued a draft notification in this regard. BS-V which was originally scheduled to be implemented by 2019 and the BS-VI emission norms which were proposed to come by 2024 has been advanced by 4years Rationale behind this move: To fulfill the commitments that India made at…
25 February 2017
India building a supercomputer juggernaut India will likely unveil its most powerful supercomputer. The supercomputer can earn a place among the world’s top 10 fastest supercomputers. As per specifications, if the processors operate at full capacity of 10 petaflops (1 followed by 15 zeroes), a clock speed a million times faster than the fastest consumer laptops. The yet to be unnamed machine will be jointly hosted by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology located in Pune and the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting located in Noida. The government has sanctioned 400 crores for the project. Factors that determine…
24 February 2017
Trade facilitation agreement in services India submitted at WTO a proposal for a trade facilitation agreement in services which is aimed at easing the movement of skilled workers across borders. The proposal will be taken up by an expert committee at the WTO headquarters, post which it will be taken up for discussion among all WTO members. Minister of commerce, Nirmala Sitharaman confirmed that India has submitted a legally vetted paper on Trade facilitation agreement in services at Geneva. In the initial phase, till March 17 only the council for trade in services members will be part of the discussion.…
23 February 2017
Bharat QR code How does it work: QR code or Quick Response code is a two-dimensional machine-readable code that is made up of black and white squares and are used for storing URLs or other information. These can be read by the camera of a smartphone. You no longer have to swipe your credit and debit card through a PoS terminal but simply scan the QR code and transfer payments. To use the Bharat QR code, a customer should download the concerned application of a compatible bank on her smartphone. The code works both for Android and iPhone. Current state…
22 February 2017
Government caps prices of coronary stents The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) had recently capped prices of coronary stents. A stent is a tiny expandable metal scaffold used to open narrowed or blocked arteries. It was found during deliberations that exorbitant prices are charged for coronary stents, which is reflective of a failed market system driven by information asymmetry between the patient and doctor. This pushes the patient to financial misery. The extreme regulatory measure was inevitable To ensure accessibility, affordability and availability of healthcare for all given the overall dominance of private health institutions in our country asymmetry of…
21 February 2017
International Mother Language Day International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is celebrated by UNESCO on February 21, 2017. It is based on the theme, Towards Sustainable Futures through Multilingual Education. Access to education in mother tongue and in other languages is significant for achieving sustainable development. The mastery of the mother tongue help us acquire the basic skills of reading, writing and numeracy. Local languages transmit cultures, values and traditional knowledge and thus make development sustainable. What is multilingual education? Multilingual education facilitates uniform access to education by ensuring equity for the disadvantages and marginalized sections of the society The emphasis…