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26 September 2018
THE NEWS India has marginally improved its rank to 158th in the world for its investments in education and healthcare, according to a scientific study ranking countries for their levels of human capital. ABOUT THE RANKING This scientific study on the measurement of human capital was conducted by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and published in the journal named The Lancet. It measures the number of years a person can be expected to work in the years of peak productivity, taking into account life expectancy, functional health, years of schooling and learning.…
25 September 2018
THE NEWS Andhra Pradesh (AP) has topped the chart in the “Ease of Living Index” ranking under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), reported by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). RANKING OF STATES Andhra Pradesh has topped the chart of living index among other states, which was followed by Odisha and Madhya Pradesh (MP). The three states were awarded best performing states at the National Dissemination Workshop of Ease of Living Index 2018 in the National Capital of India. The awards were given based on data collected on a range of metrics to evaluate…
25 September 2018
SOCIETY 5.0 Society 5.0 is a human-centred society that balances economic advancement with the resolution of social problems by a system that highly integrates cyberspace and physical space. It follows the hunting society (Society 1.0), agricultural society (Society 2.0), industrial society (Society 3.0), and information society (Society 4.0). How Society 5.0 works Society 5.0 achieves a high degree of convergence between cyberspace (virtual space) and physical space (real space). In the past information society (Society 4.0), people would access a cloud service (databases) in cyberspace via the Internet and search for retrieve, and analyze information or data. In Society 5.0,…
24 September 2018
THE NEWS India’s government has launched one of the world’s largest publicly-funded health insurance scheme- Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan ArogyaYojana - at Ranchi, Jharkhand, which is set to cover some 500 million people. MORE ON NEWS Ayushman Bharat scheme was announced in the 2018 Budget and a soft launch was done on August 15th from the Red Fort. At the same time, September 25th was announced as the date of formal launch of the scheme. However, the launch date was advanced by two days to September 23rd. The Government also aims to open 1.5 lakh health and wellness…
22 September 2018
Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make man a more clever devil. Comment (IMPORTANCE OF VALUE BASED EDUCATION) It has been rightly said by Nelson Mandela that "Education is the most powerful weapon through which you can change the world". It replaces an empty mind with an open one. However, the aim of education should not be to impact knowledge alone but to inculcate strong values in young minds. In the present time, our education system lays emphasis on memorization, and not on the values. There is mere rote learning of factual information and a…
22 September 2018
THE NEWS United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative have released the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2018. GLOBAL MDI 2018 A new version of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) has been developed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). The index covers 105 countries in total, which are home to 75 percent of the world’s population, or 5.7 billion people. Of this proportion, 23.5 percent of people (1.3 billion) are identified as multidimensionally poor. OPHI and UNDP have jointly revised five of the ten…
22 September 2018
National Nutrition Mission (POSHAN Abhiyaan) India has achieved unprecedented economic growth in last decades but the growth does not reflect proportionally in case of nutritional status. Global Nutrition Report 2017 shows a worrisome picture as 2 out of 5 children are stunted, 7 out of 10 anaemic. Weak children cannot make powerful India. And so, a reinvigorated effort as POSHAN comes in. POSHAN: Strategies to tackle malnutrition Multidimensional and holistic approach: It sees malnutrition as a result of impure water, weak mother, lack of sanitation, and health services etc. Convergence and Co-ordination: POSHAN envisages the convergence and coherence among different…
21 September 2018
THE NEWS In a first-of-its-kind, Indian Government has released a ‘registry of sex offenders’ which contain complete information of convicted sex offenders across the country. KEY-HIGHLIGHTS OF THE REGISTRY Sex Offender Registry is basically a theory through which a database is maintained to help aid officials track and monitor sex offenders Nodal Agency: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will be the nodal agency to maintain the sex-offenders’ registry. Data storage: The offenders will be classified by their criminal history to ascertain if they pose a serious danger to the society. This registry will store data for: 15 years in…
20 September 2018
THE NEWS The Union Cabinet has cleared an ordinance which makes instant “Triple Talaq”, a penal offense that will attract a maximum jail term of three years and a fine. Later in the day, President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent. MUSLIM WOMEN (PROTECTION OF RIGHTS ON MARRIAGE) BILL, 2017 The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017 or the Triple Talaq bill was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 28, 2017, and passed on the same day The Bill makes a declaration of Triple Talaq (including talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a…
19 September 2018
THE NEWS An estimated 6.3 million children under 15 years of age died in 2017, or 1 every 5 seconds, mostly of preventable causes, according to new mortality estimates released by UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations (UN) Population Division and the World Bank Group. ABOUT THE REPORT The latest Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2018 from UNICEF and partners in the UN Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME), shows the full scope of child and mortality rates across the world – from newborns to adolescents. This report presents the UN IGME’s latest…