Bengali Main Syllabus
Check out Bengali syllabus for UPSC Main examination.

Bengali Syllabus for Main Examination

Paper-I

History of Language and Literature.

Answers must be written in Bangali.

Section-A

Topics from the History of Bangla language

  • The chronological track from Proto Indo-European to Bangla (Family tree with branches and approximate dates).
  • Historical stages of Bangla (Old, Middle, New) and their linguistic features.
  • Dialects of Bangla and their distinguishing characteristics.
  • Elements of Bangla Vocabulary.
  • Forms of Bangla Literary ProseSadhu and Chalit.
  • Processes of language change relevant for Bangla. Apinihiti (Anaptyxis), Abhishruti (umlaut), Murdhanyibhavan (cerebralization), Nasikyibhavan (Nasalization), Samibhavan (Assimilation), Sadrishya (Analogy), Svaragama (Vowel insertion)-Adi Svaragama, Madhya Svaragama or Svarabhakti, Antya Svaragama, Svarasangati (Vowel hormony), yshruti and w-shruti.
  • Problems of standardization and reform of alphabet and spelling, and those of transliteration and Romanization.
  • Phonology, Morphology and Syntax of Modern Bangla. (Sounds of Modern Bangla, Conjuncts; word formations, compounds; basic sentence patterns.)

Section-B

Topics from the History of Bangla Literature.

  • Periodization of Bangla Literature : Old Bangla and Middle Bangla.
  • Points of difference between modern and pre-modern Bangla Literature.
  • Roots and reasons behind the emergence of modernity in Bangla Literature.
  • Evolution of various Middle Bangla forms : Mangal kavyas, Vaishnava lyrics, Adapted narratives (Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata) and religious biographies.
  • Secular forms in middle Bangla literature.
  • Narrative and lyric trends in the nineteenth century Bangla poetry.
  • Development of prose.
  • Bangla dramatic literature (nineteenth century, Tagore, Post-1944 Bangla drama).
  • Tagore and post-Tagoreans.
  • Fiction, major authors : (Bankimchandra, Tagore, Saratchandra, Bibhutibusan, Tarasankar, Manik).
  • Women and Bangla literature : creators and created.

Paper-II

Prescribed texts for close study.

Answers must be written in Bangali.

Section-A

  • Vaishnava Padavali (Calcutta University) Poems of Vidyapati, Chandidas, Jnanadas, Govindadas and Balaramdas.
  • Chandimangal Kalketu episode by Mukunda (Sahitya Akademi).
  • Chaitanya Charitamrita Madya Lila, by Krishnadas Kaviraj (Sahitya Akademi).
  • Meghnadbadh Kavya by Madhusudan Dutta.
  • Kapalkundala by Bankimchandra Chattarjee.
  • Samya and Bangadesher Krishak by Bankimchandra Chatterjee.
  • Sonar Tari by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Chhinnapatravali by Rabindranath Tagore.

Section-B

  • Raktakarabi by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Nabajatak by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Grihadaha by Saratchandra Chatterjee.
  • Prabandha Samgraha Vol. 1, by Pramatha Choudhuri.
  • Aranyak by Bibhutibhusan Banerjee
  • Short stories by Manik Bandyo-padhyay : Atashi Mami, Pragaitihasik, Holud-Pora, Sarisrip, Haraner Natjamai, Chhoto-Bokulpurer Jatri, Kustharogir Bou, Jakey Ghush Ditey Hoy.
  • Shrestha Kavita by Jibanananda Das.
  • Jagori by Satinath Bhaduri.
  • Ebam Indrajit by Badal Sircar.