Weekly Current Affairs

U.S.’ security assistance to Pakistan falls by 73 per cent since 2011 [IR, Security]

  • The U.S.’ security assistance to Pakistan has declined by 73 per cent since 2011 due to the deterioration in ties following the killing of Osama bin Laden in a Navy SEALs raid on his Abbottabad hideout and a U.S. airstrike on a Pakistani border post in Salala that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers.
  • The report covers both military and economic assistance given between 2002 and 2015 as well as those earmarked for fiscal years 2016 and 2017.
  • Earlier this month, the Pentagon decided not to pay $300 million in military reimbursements to Islamabad over its alleged reluctance to act against the Haqqani network, a charge Islamabad had immediately rejected.
  • The cancelled $ 300 million payments were in the form of Coalition Support Fund (CSF) under which Pakistan has received over $14 billion since 2002.
  • TheCSFaccountedfor “asmuchasone-fifthofPakistan’s totalmilitary expenditures” from 2002 to 2014.
  • The CSF is meant to reimburse U.S.-allied nations “for their operational and logistical support of U.S.-led counterterrorism operations”.
  • The Pentagon has reported that nearly half the CSF assistance to Pakistan is used for food and ammunition.
  • The CRS data shows that CSF accounts for 43 per cent of $ 32.2 billion worth of U.S. government financial transfers to Pakistan from 2002 to 2015.
  • Economic aid comprises 33 per cent of transfers at $10.6 billion followed by 24 per cent in security aid at $ 7.6 billion. Since 2001, Pakistan has paid or is still paying $2.5 billion for U.S. arms.
  • This includes big-ticket items such as $1.43 billion for 18 new F—16C/D Block 52 Fighting Falcon combat aircraft and additional armaments for the aircraft at a cost of $ 629 million.