The Union government is set to reduce the number of Maoist-affected districts by about a fifth. Approximately 20 of the 106 districts that have been described as being Maoist-affected and are part of the Red Corridor may soon no longer be part of the list.
This exercise, under way now for two years, is being done for the fi rst time since 2006, when the Maoist-affected districts were identifi ed and graded on the basis of their violence profi le.
Financial aid given to the districts – to the tune of Rs. 30 crore annually for various developmental work – will dry up.
The 106 districts that span 10 States — Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh — are described as those affected by Left Wing Extremism (LWE) and constitute the ‘Red Corridor.’
Of these, 44 districts are said to be the worst-affected. India has a total of 683 districts.
The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has already given the go-ahead for an ambitious road project in the 44 worst-affected districts. Under this project, the government proposes to construct 5412 km road length and 126 bridges and it would cost Rs. 11,725 crore.
The year 2015 saw the lowest Maoist violence in six years with 1,088 incidents and 226 deaths being reported as compared to 2,213 incidents, in which as many as 1,005 people lost their lives in 2010.