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10 March 2016 K2_CATEGORY IAS Blog


Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a unique initiative by the Government of India that aims to offer 24 lakh Indian youth meaningful, industry relevant, skill based training. Under this scheme, the trainees will be offered a financial reward and a government certification on successful completion of training and assessment, which will help them in securing a job for a better future. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) is the implementing agency for PMKVY.

The scheme would be implemented through NSDC training partners. Currently NSDC has 187 training partners that have over 2300 centres. In addition, Central / State Government affiliated training providers would also be used for training under the scheme. All training providers will have to undergo a due diligence before being eligible for participating under this scheme. Focus under the PMKVY would be on improved curricula, better pedagogy and better trained instructors. Training would include soft skills, personal grooming, behavioral change for cleanliness, good work ethics. Sector Skill Councils and the State Governments would closely monitor skill training that will happen under PMKVY.

Skill Development Management System (SDMS) would be put in place to verify and record details of all training centers a certain quality of training locations and courses. Biometric system and video recording of the training process would be put in place where feasible. All persons undergoing training would be required to give feedback at the time of assessment and this would become the key element of the evaluation framework to assess the effectiveness of the PMKVY scheme. A robust grievance redressal system would be put in place to address grievances relating to implementation of the scheme. An online citizen portal would be put in place to disseminate information about the scheme.


The objective of this Scheme is to encourage skill development for youth by providing monetary rewards for successful completion of approved training programs. Specifically, the Scheme aims to:

  • Encourage standardization in the certification process and initiate a process of creating a registry of skills
  • Enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Increase productivity of the existing workforce and align the training and certification to the needs of the country.
  • Provide Monetary Awards for Skill Certification to boost employability and productivity of youth by incentivizing them for skill trainings
  • Reward candidates undergoing skill training by authorized institutions at an average monetary reward of Rs. 8,000 (Rupees Eight Thousand) per candidate.
  • Benefit 24 lakh youth at an approximate total cost of Rs. 1,500 crores


1. The Scheme will provide monetary incentives for successful completion of marketdriven skill training and certification to approximately 24 lakh youth in in a span of one year from the date of implementation of the scheme.

2. This Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public partnerships.

3. NSDC will be the implementing agency for this Scheme

4. All trainings and certification under Recognition of Prior Learning will be specifically oriented for developing skills in specific growth sectors

5. Assessment and training bodies for all purposes of the Scheme will be separate and no overlap of roles will be allowed to maintain transparency and objectivity.

6. The monetary reward will be wholly funded by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India and will be affected through bank transfer to the beneficiaries' accounts. For facilitating the smooth disbursement as prescribed under the scheme, the entire money along with the additional implementation fund will be transferred to National Skill Development Fund for further utilization by NSDC.


  • Leverage existing government infrastructure to deliver skill training programmes
  • Mobilize CSR funds of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) to support skilling
  • Upgrade equipment of Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and NSDC/SSC affiliated training providers
  • Promote and scale up apprenticeship training in PSUs in coordination with Directorate General of Training (DGT)
  • Incentivize hiring of National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) certified personnel
  • Promote adoption of ITIs by PSUs, including provision of technical and resource support
  • Introduce vocational courses in schools run by Ministries/PSUs
  • Establish 'Centres of Excellence' for high quality skill training
  • Align training programmes to NSQF and mobilize workforce for Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)


Please find below the process divided into flowing steps:

  • Trainee to enroll at a training center with a training partner and select a course of his preference
  • Trainee to provide relevant information to the Training Partner who captures all the candidate details on SDMS to facilitate training
  • Undergo assessment at the training center
  • Receive certificate from the training partner upon successful completion of assessment
  • NSDC to disburse monetary reward to passed and certified trainees subject to valid Aadhaar authentication


Upon successful assessment, the trainee will be given a certificate as well as a monetary reward of an average of Rs 8,000 per trainee.Monetary reward for various job roles within a sector varies for different as per job role levels. Higher incentives are being given to training in manufacturing, construction and plumbing sectors.
The monetary reward will be wholly funded by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, India, and will be effected through direct bank transfer to the beneficiary's account.


1. NSDC - The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has been instituted to foster private sector initiatives in skill development. It is a Private Public Partnership (PPP) organization with representatives of Government and Industry Associations on its Board.

2. SSCs - Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are industry-led bodies, who would be responsible for the defining the skilling needs, concept, processes, certification, accreditation of their respective industry sectors. The SSCs shall prescribe the NOSs and QPs for the job roles relevant to their industry, and shall work with the NSDA to ensure that these are in accordance with the NSQF.

3. NSQF - The National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF), would be a descriptive framework that organizes qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels are defined in terms of learning outcomes i.e., the competencies which the learners must possess regardless of whether they were acquired through formal, non-formal or informal education and training. It is, therefore, a nationally integrated education and competency based skill framework that will provide for multiple pathways both within vocational education and vocational training and among vocational education, vocational training, general education and technical education, thus linking one level of learning to another higher level to enable a person to acquire desired skill levels, transit to the job market and return to skill development to further upgrade their skill sets.

4. NOSs - National Occupational Standards (NOSs) specify the standard of performance an individual must achieve when carrying out a particular activity in the workplace, together with the knowledge and understanding they need to meet that standard consistently. Each NOS defines one key function in a job role. In their essential form, NOSs describe functions, standards of performance and knowledge/understanding

5. QPs - A set of NOSs, aligned to a job role, called Qualification Packs (QPs), would be available for every job role in each industry sector. These drive both the creation of curriculum, and assessments. These job roles would be at various proficiency levels and aligned to the NSQF.NOSs and QPs for job roles in various industry sectors, created by SSCs and subsequently ratified by appropriate authority, would be available online and updated from time to time.

6. SDMS - The Skill Development Management System (SDMS) has been developed and maintained by the NSDC